Force Structure – Tech Com Forces http://techcomforces.com/ Thu, 10 Jun 2021 17:12:42 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://techcomforces.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png Force Structure – Tech Com Forces http://techcomforces.com/ 32 32 Yesterday and Today / Winner of the 2011 Early Career Award https://techcomforces.com/yesterday-and-today-winner-of-the-2011-early-career-award/ https://techcomforces.com/yesterday-and-today-winner-of-the-2011-early-career-award/#respond Thu, 10 Jun 2021 15:35:00 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/yesterday-and-today-winner-of-the-2011-early-career-award/

WHAT DID THE 2011 BEGINNING CAREER AWARD ALLOW YOU TO DO?

At the center of every atom in our body – and in the matter around us – there is a nucleus. Atomic cores are made up of protons and neutrons, collectively called nucleons. Different combinations of protons and neutrons can give rise to a wide range of phenomena. These range from closely related nuclei that form the familiar elements of everyday life, to fragile exotic structures that disintegrate while emitting radiation, and transient states that disintegrate leaving nucleons flowing. They even include the nuclear reactions that power the stars and drive the evolution of our universe.

Achieving a comprehensive and predictive understanding of how such a wide range of phenomena emerge from the laws of quantum mechanics and the strong fundamental force between protons and neutrons is a primary goal of nuclear physics. For a long time, a seemingly insurmountable obstacle to achieving this goal was the disconnect between the microscopic treatment of the structure of nuclei as bound states of interacting nucleons and the theory used to model nuclear reactions.

This early career award has enabled me to make fundamental contributions to the development of a unified understanding of the structure and low energy reactions of light nuclei. He paved the way for the precise microscopic description of thermonuclear reactions between light nuclei during the Big Bang and within our Sun.

Another major outcome of the project has been a more fundamental understanding of the properties of halo nuclei, fragile bound states of one or two nucleons orbiting a tightly bound nucleus at surprisingly large distances. This fundamental work was then extended to the treatment of exotic nuclei and even more complex reaction processes and inspired others to develop complementary techniques.

I will be forever honored and grateful to have been the recipient of an Early Career Award.

ABOUT:

Sofia Quaglioni is Deputy Group Leader of the Nuclear Data and Theory Group in the Division of Nuclear and Chemical Sciences at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).

SUPPORT THE DOE SC MISSION:

The Early Career Research Program provides fundamental financial support to early career researchers, enabling them to define and conduct independent research in areas important to DOE missions. The development of outstanding scientists and research leaders is of paramount importance to the Department of Energy Office of Science. By investing in the next generation of researchers, the Office of Science is championing lifelong careers in discovery science.

For more information, please visit Early Career Research Program.

THE 2011 PROJECT SUMMARY

Solving the long-standing problem of low-energy nuclear reactions at the highest microscopic level

This project aims to develop a complete framework that will lead to a fundamental description of the structural properties and reactions of light nuclei in terms of constitutive protons and neutrons interacting by nucleon-nucleon and tri-nucleon forces. This is a long sought-after goal of nuclear theory that is now within reach as promising new techniques and the computing power required to implement them become available.

This project will provide the research community with the theoretical and computational tools that will allow (1) an accurate prediction of the fusion reactions that power stars and Earth fusion facilities; (2) an improved description of the spectroscopy of exotic nuclei, including light Borromean systems; and (3) a fundamental understanding of the three-nucleon force in nuclear reactions and nuclei at the drip level.

RESOURCES:

P. Navratil, S. Quaglioni, G. Hupine, C. Romero-Redondo, A. Calci, “Unified ab initio approaches to nuclear structure and reactions”. Physica Scripta 91, 053002 (2016). [DOI:10.1088/0031-8949/91/5/053002]

S. Baroni, P. Navratil and S. Quaglioni, “Description ab initio of the exotic unbound 7It core. Physical examination letters 110, 022505 (2013). [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.022505]

S. Baroni, P. Navratil and S. Quaglioni, “Unified ab initio approach to bound and unbound states: coreless shell model with continuum and its application to 7He.” Physical examination C 87, 034326 (2013). [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevC.87.034326]

Additional profiles of Early Career Research Program scholarship recipients are available at https://www.energy.gov/science/listings/early-career-program.

The Office of Science is the largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and works to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit www.energy.gov/science.

Sandra Allen McLean is a communications specialist in the Bureau of Science, Office of Communications and Public Affairs [email protected]

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“We have no choice”: conditions in Honduras force more migrations https://techcomforces.com/we-have-no-choice-conditions-in-honduras-force-more-migrations/ https://techcomforces.com/we-have-no-choice-conditions-in-honduras-force-more-migrations/#respond Thu, 10 Jun 2021 01:13:20 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/we-have-no-choice-conditions-in-honduras-force-more-migrations/

By Matt Rivers and Natalie Gallón, CNN

It’s best to get permission from local gang leaders before entering a small neighborhood that locals call La Playita in Chamelecón, Honduras. Violence here is as pervasive as poverty in this region, and foreigners are generally not welcome.

But these days, access is a little easier to find, especially if you’re a media outlet that wants to talk about the incredible destruction that still plagues this neighborhood.

Double Category 4 hurricanes made landfall in Central America less than two weeks apart at the end of 2020, decimating huge portions of Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras.

In La Playita, or Little Beach – so named because the community sits on the banks of the Chamelecón River – hurricane rains have caused the river to rise more than 20 feet, pushing torrents of water upward and above the levees of the earth. Hundreds of residents rushed to safety with nothing more than clothes on their backs, many seeking refuge under nearby bridges.

When the waters receded, colossal amounts of thick mud remained, submerging entire structures in the silt. There was no home to return to.

“The truth is that many people have been forced to flee here,” said Father Saul Arrieta, a well-known local priest in the neighborhood. “Many have gone north, many young people have gone to the United States. It hurts my heart to see all of this.

The migration of Central Americans to the north, even in large numbers, is not a new phenomenon. But hurricanes coupled with a deadly pandemic have combined to create an unprecedented situation where, for many, migration isn’t just about seeking a better life – it’s about survival.

It also created unique challenges for the Biden administration and its immigration point of contact, Vice President Kamala Harris. Harris was in Central America this week tasked with helping the United States find a way to reduce the record number of migrants arriving at the southern border.

The storms

Visiting the Arias Sánchez family is more difficult than before, given that they now live on top of a 10-foot-high dried mud heap. They ask the guests to use the half-dozen steps they dug in the mud to make it easier.

When the water rushed in last November, the family of nine, two grandmothers, sons, daughters, babies, had to flee to a local shelter. Upon their return, they discovered that their family home was completely covered in mud.

With nowhere to go, they gathered all the materials they could at random – tarps, old doors, corrugated iron sections of collapsed roofs – climbed over the hardened mud and built the makeshift structure. of a room that they now share all nine.

“Everyone sleeps together on the dirt floor here at night,” said Juana Fransisca Sánchez, the family matriarch. “We have lost absolutely everything.

The family say they have lasted here as long as they can, but without government support soon there will be only one option.

“We would leave,” said her son Joel Raul Arias Sánchez, 26, with a one-year-old daughter. “There is no work, there is nothing here. There is no future. Many neighbors are already in the United States and many are planning to leave soon. “

In an interview with CNN, a senior government official admitted that many parts of the country have yet to receive the necessary level of assistance.

“It is not possible for everything to be instantaneous,” said Hector Leonel Ayala, the Honduran government minister. “We are not a powerhouse. We are a developing country with challenges.

He pointed out that the government had already done a lot of work, including cleaning up at least one million cubic meters of mud, building new homes and taxes, and providing loans to some affected industries.

Critics, including ordinary citizens who spoke to CNN and non-governmental organizations, argued the government had not done enough to help its people rebuild and say the proof was in the sheer numbers. who are gone.

Entire sections of the neighborhood where Arias Sánchez lives are empty. Some houses are still filled with mud from top to bottom, tall grass growing skyward where the ceilings used to be.

“A lot of people have not returned since the storms,” ​​Arias Sánchez said, adding that most had gone to the United States.

A few minutes away by car, a mattress half buried in the mud serves as a sort of doormat for the small batch that Osban Obdulio Cruz Henrique shares with his family of half a dozen people. His “house” is in worse shape than Arias Sánchez’s. Two walls are made of tarps and sheets, the other two of a patchwork of old doors and thin plywood.

“Whenever it rains, the water flows through the tarp above us, and it flows under our feet,” said Cruz Henrique, showing the gap between the walls and the ground. Three mattresses rest directly on a dirt floor, permanently half-soaked in rainwater that does not dry out.

“We are desperate,” he told CNN. “We don’t know how to start from scratch if we have no chance of earning an income. There is no other choice but to leave.

The total number of people displaced by the storm is difficult to estimate, and the government told CNN it does not have such figures. But various think tanks and the United Nations Refugee Agency have put the number in the hundreds of thousands, if not millions. That’s a staggering percentage considering the country’s total population is less than 10 million people.

In two dozen interviews, CNN heard story after story that reflected. Before the hurricanes, many were barely hanging on. After the hurricanes, they had nothing left.

The pandemic

Seven months before the hurricanes hit, another storm hit Central America. While the Covid-19 pandemic has spared no country its biological wrath, perhaps no region has been harder hit economically than Latin America.

Nation after nation have crouched down, closing borders and shutting down businesses. The region’s economies generally weren’t doing well before the pandemic – once it hit, many simply collapsed.

Honduras was no different. In 2019, nearly 15% of the population lived on less than $ 1.90 a day, a figure that has likely increased according to World Bank data.

When the coronavirus arrived, government-imposed closures and strict restrictions combined with migratory flows and devastating storms contributed to a 9% drop in the country’s GDP in 2020, according to the World Bank. More than 50 percent of the population now lives below the poverty line.

The Honduran think tank FOSDEH, short for Social Forum on External Debt and Development of Honduras, says more than half a million people lost their jobs in 2020. Given the informal nature of so many jobs in the economy here, a true figure is impossible to pass, to visit, to arrive before. Yet this level of job loss represents more than 12 percent of the workforce, according to World Bank statistics.

More than 15 months after the start of the pandemic, lost jobs are not really materializing in Honduras, a huge factor in some people deciding to leave. “It’s terrible because we are going to leave my mother, but we have no future here,” said Gerardo Alexis Perez Argueta, 17.

He and his twin brother Celin Adolfo said they plan to leave and head to the northern United States in about two weeks. They showed off the new sneakers they planned to wear as they hiked nearly 1,500 miles. Each pair costs $ 35, a huge amount of money for a family that only survives on a few dollars a day.

“What can you do,” their mother Griselda Argueta Argueta asks in tears. “It hurts your kids to leave. You don’t know if they will return or not, but there is no other option for them here.

The brothers don’t want to leave Honduras, but with nothing more than a sixth-grade education and a shattered economy, the decision, they say, was essentially made for them.

“If they had more opportunities, people wouldn’t have to leave this country,” said Arrietta, the local priest.

Tackle the root causes

Storms and the pandemic have combined to exacerbate long-term trends in the region, forcing people to migrate: corruption, food insecurity and lack of economic opportunities. Although homicide rates across Central America have generally declined in 2020, it remains one of the deadliest regions in the world and violence remains a driver of migration, Human Rights Watch said.

None of these problems are new, but they are likely to worsen without significant relief. And this is where the Biden administration wants to make its mark.

Vice President Kamala Harris has taken the lead in leading the American push to fundamentally help address some of these concerns. The Biden administration has earmarked some $ 310 million in short-term humanitarian aid as part of a longer-term plan to invest some $ 4 billion in the region.

But this isn’t the first US administration to try to stem migration by throwing money at the problem, often channeling funds through agencies like USAID. Solving the systemic problems that cause people to flee cannot be solved simply by budget allocations alone.

“[Harris] has a very, very difficult job ahead of her, ”said Cynthia Arnson, Latin America program director at the Wilson Center. “It’s not impossible, there is a lot to do, but achieving the generational change that the administration hopes to bring about will be extremely difficult to achieve.”

Let’s start with the fact that Central American governments are largely corrupt. Transparency International ranks countries’ levels of corruption on a scale of 0 to 100. El Salvador was the top performer of the bunch with a score of 36, good enough for 104th place in the world. The others did less well.

In other words, the United States cannot count on good government partners in the region to ensure that the aid money does what it is supposed to do. The risk of government officials simply lining their pockets is high.

The Biden administration knows this and has indicated that it is keen to work with the private sector and non-governmental groups on the ground to ensure that aid gets to where it needs it and improves the lives of ordinary citizens everywhere. the region.

Even if it works, it will take time. Meanwhile, the increase in the number of migrants at the US border is now a political issue for the White House.

“The kind of deeper structural changes that will create opportunity and reduce violence are really long term,” Arnson said. “The question is therefore whether [the administration] can move fast enough to give people hope for what their fate will be like if they stay.

Leonardo Pineda contributed reporting.

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1941 Grissom Control Tower Demonstration Advances Due to Delays | New https://techcomforces.com/1941-grissom-control-tower-demonstration-advances-due-to-delays-new/ https://techcomforces.com/1941-grissom-control-tower-demonstration-advances-due-to-delays-new/#respond Wed, 09 Jun 2021 12:15:00 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/1941-grissom-control-tower-demonstration-advances-due-to-delays-new/

BUNKER HILL – The demolition of the first air traffic control tower built in 1942 at Grissom Air Reserve Base is back on the table after funding delays caused by the pandemic put the project on hold.

Miami County officials first took steps to demolish the tower in 2019 after applying for a grant under a scourge elimination program administered by the Office of Community and Rural Affairs (OCRA).

Jim Tidd, executive director of the Miami County Economic Development Authority, said the grant process was underway when COVID hit, leading OCRA to halt funding for the scourge.

Now that program has reopened and the county is continuing its claim asking the state for $ 333,000 to pay for the demolition. The grant requires a 10% county match.

Tidd said the demolition of the structure was due to take place soon, as the tower is abandoned after having been unused for 30 years. The building has been broken into on several occasions and poses a public safety concern for neighboring residents.

Debris also began to blow from the building and land in the taxiway of the airstrip inside the base. This required the military and county officials to quickly clean up the debris before it was sucked into the engine of a military or civilian aircraft.

“It’s in a very bad state of disrepair,” Tidd said Tuesday at a meeting of county commissioners.

He said if the county received state funding, demolition would begin in late fall or early winter and take between 30 and 60 days, including asbestos removal.

The tower was built when Grissom was built during WWII as a facility for the United States Navy. It served as the main air traffic control tower for decades. Over the years, the structure has also housed base operations, a meteorological detachment and administrative offices.

The tower ceased to be used around 1991, just before Grissom became an Air Force reserve base, which lost more than 800 acres from the facility.

After that, the building, along with dozens of other former military structures, was turned over to the county for redevelopment into commercial properties.

But that never happened with the aerial tower.

Tidd said that over the years investors have shown interest in turning the building into a WWII museum or a restaurant and hotel for aviators, but the projects never had the capital to get started.

Instead, the tower and adjoining buildings sat vacant, unused, and fell into disrepair.

Tidd said the county had hoped the tower would be demolished much sooner, but the process has taken longer since the state’s Division of Historic Preservation and Archeology determined the tower to be of significance. historical.

To make up for the loss of a historic structure, the county agreed to place a sign at the site with the history of the tower and send photos of it to all county museums.

The tower is only the most recent old military building to be demolished since Grissom was realigned as an Air Force reserve base.

Over the years, crews demolished the gymnasium and huge swimming pool once used by airmen. Ammunition storage buildings and bunkers that once contained bombs were also destroyed.

“We had to demolish buildings here in Grissom that really had no potential for reuse or redevelopment, and the tower is now part of that,” Tidd said in a previous interview.

The base’s current air traffic control tower was built in 2012 and replaced a second tower built in 1969. The $ 7.4 million nine-story structure serves both military and civilian aircraft that land at the base on the longest trail in the state.

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In search of mapping the universe, astrophysicists launch largest study of the sky ever https://techcomforces.com/in-search-of-mapping-the-universe-astrophysicists-launch-largest-study-of-the-sky-ever/ https://techcomforces.com/in-search-of-mapping-the-universe-astrophysicists-launch-largest-study-of-the-sky-ever/#respond Tue, 08 Jun 2021 02:46:08 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/in-search-of-mapping-the-universe-astrophysicists-launch-largest-study-of-the-sky-ever/

The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) installed on the Nicholas U. Mayall 4-meter telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory near Tucson, AZ. Credit: KPNO / NOIRLab / NSF / AURA / P. Marenfeld

Almost 40 years after creating the first iconic map of the universe, researchers are aiming for the largest map ever created.

In 1983, the astrophysicists of the Center d’Astrophysique | Harvard and Smithsonian (CfA) published a cosmic map using 2,400 galaxies. Now, CFA scientists aim to map 30 million.

In the largest quest to date to map the universe, an international team of researchers are using DESI, or the dark energy spectroscopic instrument, to probe the sky. Sightings officially began today, May 17, at the Kitt Peak National Observatory near Tucson, Arizona; the mission will last five years with the objective of mapping 30 million galaxies.

By surveying a vast volume of space, scientists in the DESI collaboration – including a dozen from the CfA – will be able to answer a myriad of questions from modern cosmology: how does the early universe create large-scale structures, how does gravity cause matter to collect and form galaxies, and what could be behind the enigmatic acceleration of the universe’s expansion?

The first maps of the universe

Mapping the universe has a long history at CfA, explains Douglas Finkbeiner, researcher at CfA and member of the DESI collaboration.

Pioneering CfA astrophysicists launched the first systematic surveys to map the universe in the late 1970s. Led by Marc Davis, John Huchra, Dave Latham and John Tonry, the team initially targeted 2,400 galaxies, measuring their redshifts – the offset of the wavelength of light from an object in space – which can be used to calculate distance from Earth.

The second, more extensive map of Margaret Geller and Huchra, revealed on the blanket of Science in November 1989, was revolutionary. He revealed the cosmic web for the first time, showing that galaxies are not evenly distributed in space, but rather are divided into clusters with large regions of empty space between them.

It was around this time that CfA astrophysicist Margaret Geller coined the term “soap bubble universe”When, after creating the first maps, they realized that these galaxy clusters were sitting on the membranes of what appeared to be large, invisible bubbles that stretched millions of light years.

Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument Mayall Telescope

The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) is mounted on the 4m Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory. Credit: P. Marenfeld & NOAO / AURA / NSF

The road to follow

But what cosmic forces create and shape these bubbles? Scientists are now deducing the action of two invisible actors – dark matter and dark energy – whose physical origins remain mysterious, thus requiring other observational clues to understand their nature and composition.

This is where DESI can help.

Built by a collaboration of hundreds of people and with principal funding from the US Department of Energy Office of Science, DESI was installed and is now operating on the modernized Nicholas U. Mayall 4-meter telescope at Kitt National Observatory Peak. The instrument will allow scientists to study redshifts on an unprecedented scale. Using 5,000 robot-controlled optical fibers, DESI can collect spectroscopic, or light, data from 5,000 galaxies at a time.

By collecting light from over 30 million galaxies, DESI will help build a detailed 3D map of the universe that dates back 11 billion years. The map will help better understand the repulsive force associated with dark energy that has caused the universe to expand exponentially for billions of years.

“DESI is a finely tuned machine, leveraging the opportunities of the latest technology and drawing on decades of experience in optimizing the hardware, software and operational strategy of large sky surveys,” says Daniel Eisenstein, researcher at CfA and member of DESI. collaboration. “The result is quite astonishing: an installation around 20 times faster than the previous advanced technology. We are acquiring redshifts of galaxies 100 times lower than what we targeted with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey just 20 years ago. “

As DESI data begins to arrive, Eisenstein and the CfA team will see how it compares to current theories of cosmological structure. He and his colleagues used America’s fastest supercomputer, Summit at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to create simulations of the formation of the large-scale galaxy cluster and the role dark energy played in it. .

Finkbeiner, who helped decide which targets DESI would observe over the next five years, believes there’s still a lot to learn from redshift’s investigations.

“Redshift surveys provide key information about how much matter is in the universe and how it aggregates,” he says. “We can now measure so many galaxies with such precision that they also give us a sense of dark energy and neutrinos. Today we celebrate the start of the DESI survey and look forward to the new findings it will bring. “

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“Hacks” pits Zoomer against Boomer https://techcomforces.com/hacks-pits-zoomer-against-boomer/ https://techcomforces.com/hacks-pits-zoomer-against-boomer/#respond Mon, 07 Jun 2021 10:00:00 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/hacks-pits-zoomer-against-boomer/

“Hacks”, on HBO Max, is a comedy after comedy – a scary proposition, in 2021. There is a noisy kind of comic book that has no muse but a politics of grievances, which makes the stage a pulpit. intimidation. One of them even won the presidency. The pilot episode of “Hacks” draws its source from the culture war. When we meet Ava (Hannah Einbinder), a bisexual screenwriter in Los Angeles, she pouted intensely. She ended up in hot water tweeting a crass joke about a right-wing politician and his gay son; it’s such a familiar setup that no one even needs to use the term “canceled”. Ava is in her twenties with a mortgage, so the blow to her ego and wallet is kind of hell. Her agent, Jimmy (Paul W. Downs), concocts a purgatory for her: Ava will help modernize the act of another of her clients, Deborah Vance (Jean Smart, who, given her recent roles in “Watchmen” and “Mare of Easttown,” directs HBO), a Las Vegas stand-up legend whose longtime Palmetto gig is threatened by a new guard of EDM djs and a cappella bands. Ava is skeptical, but accepts a preliminary meeting.

“Hacks” was created by Jen Statsky, Lucia Aniello and Downs, all screenwriters of “Broad City”. The show plays as a minor coda to this rowdy feminist comedy, which lost some of its stoner yas-girl politics after Hillary Clinton lost the election. With “Hacks”, angst is in the foreground, right there in the title: here is a society where women are alone, and where they lose even when they win.

When Ava and Deborah meet, they instantly hate each other. Deborah is put off by Ava’s bland intricacies, and Ava, growing impatient with Deborah’s short right, exclaims, “I’d rather throw Bang-Bang Chicken and Shrimp all day than work here!” ” Intrigued by his nerve, Deborah hires him and at this point, “Hacks” opens with something more than an indulgent investigation into the state of comedy. It is a look at the soul of the artist: what truths she is able to say, and what she forces herself to repress.

The symmetries between Ava and Deborah are clear. They both have strained relationships with their families, a history of failed romances, and a propensity for judgment and cruelty. This is how the generational war between the Zoomers and the Boomers is heated by mutual recognition. These two ideologues have very different visions of what comedy can look like and achieve. Ava is the rookie Dadaist, claiming that the punchlines are remnants of a traditional joke structure that is “very masculine”. She has a weakness for archery and Mitch Hedberg-style hostility (eg, “I had a horrible nightmare and got a voicemail”). Deborah, like Freud, believes in jokes as discrete architectural objects, daggers that sting the collective unconscious. Ava lashes out at Deborah for making jokes with mass appeal – jokes for the “Panera people”. Deborah replies, “So you tell me that if a lot of people think something is funny, it isn’t. “

The dialogue, in these first episodes, can be too niche, too meta-referential, too obsessed with the profession. “Hacks” is not a joke machine; the last episodes are downright melancholy. You laugh, but not hysterically. The scenes from Deborah’s stand-up routine at the Palmetto have a surreal quality. They do not exist to amuse but to catch a woman in the paradoxical situation of exposure and opacity, control and vulnerability. Ava’s laugh tends to be mocking, until she begins cataloging Deborah’s archives, which include an unreleased pilot for a nighttime talk show, shot decades earlier. We see a young Deborah as the host, digitally aged, in what may be the first use of this seemingly moving tech. At the time, Deborah was a newcomer, a feminist trailblazer in a male dominated form.

“Hacks” subtly recasts the last half-century of American comedy as a distorted matriarchy, through which we can follow the evolution of the “female voice”. Before Ava started working for Deborah, her acquaintance with the older comedian had been fleeting, unquestioned. Ava knew her as the daring broad with a QVC deal, a paragon of shamelessness who notoriously torched the house of her ex-husband, another well-known comic. It’s Deborah’s most famous joke, and it has cast a shadow over her career as well. When Deborah casually reveals to Ava that the house actually burned down in an accident, Ava balks. Deborah’s explanation? When she experimented with the joke at a concert, “he killshe said, her eyes shining. If it was killing something else in her, then that was a price she was willing to pay.

Ava falls in love with her boss. She pushes Deborah to adopt a more confessional stand-up style and show her suffering, which she had hidden in a character. That’s the hook of “Hacks” – how Smart inhabits a character who doesn’t want to be known. The blond bouffant, curvy caftans, and sour tongue are an homage to Joan Rivers, and some plot points are virtually identical to details in Rivers’ life. Scenes of Deborah in a spa, recovering from a pinch and withdrawal routine, reminded me of Phyllis Diller, who was revolutionaryly transparent about her own cosmetic procedures. We can also guess Lily Tomlin and other giants in the performance of Smart, a haunting and confrontational portrayal of the 20th century woman who had to fight for liberation on her own terms. Ava, on the other hand, didn’t have a real story. Dragging himself into a Carhartt and Doc Martens jacket, alienating his careerist peers and sweet Midwestern parents, his character comes across as an extended satire of the Zillennial bourgeoisie. It’s not convincing that this person would force a wake-up call in someone like Deborah. But Einbinder works hard to match Smart, and at times, seeing them enter grooves of compassion, I felt myself blush.

The rest of the cast, by the way, also kills. Christopher McDonald is perfect in the role of Marty, the operator of the Palmetto, a sordid hunk who makes Deborah lose his temper. And Carl Clemons-Hopkins, who plays Deborah’s consigliere Marcus, lends solidity to the questions of race and wealth that inevitably arise when a gay black man devotes himself to an older white woman. Then again, anyone would shine around Smart. It generates its own light.

Like “Hacks,” “Girls5eva,” on Peacock, snags a bygone phenomenon: ’90s pop celebrity. Members of a successful girl group are awakened from their slumber when a rapper named Lil Stinker samples their music. signature song. After this second contact with fame, the ladies decide to reunite, giving up their unsatisfying life to write the perfect hit. Created by Meredith Scardino, screenwriter for “Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt” and produced by Tina Fey, “Girls5eva” is based on the Fey model: accessibly absurd, riddled with intelligent zingers, loaded with criticism. The casting makes it a fun frenzy. Renée Elise Goldsberry brings Broadway largesse to the character of Wickie, the defeated diva with the unyielding voice. Her foil is Dawn (Sara Bareilles), the Liz Lemon of the operation, a mom from Queens eager to prove herself as a songwriter. Paula Pell blesses us with Gloria, a loving lesbian dentist, and Busy Philipps does her best as Summer, the simple-minded Christian woman. We also have a Swedish Svengali, a debased manager and martyr of the boy band, in performances by Stephen Colbert, Jonathan Hadary and Andrew Rannells.

You stay through the stumbles of “Hacks” because it’s energizing to see the show’s creators pay homage to a form they revere. “Girls5eva” doesn’t think too much about pop; the series does take into account the turn-of-the-century misogyny that fueled pop music in 2000, but it’s not that interested in exploring what made that music transcendent. If “TRL” was poison, then why did a generation drink it? What “Girls5eva” is really waiting for is Fey’s prime-time reign. In the flashbacks to the band’s fleeting climax, there is a pompous atonality in the satirical lyrics. (“I love watching standing up, but not by women,” they sing, in a tune called “Dream Girlfriends.”) And then there’s the character of Summer. She’s the analogue of Britney Spears, the sweet and stunted adult, which means she should be the heart of the story, right? Not so. “Free Britney,” the singers promise, in one scene just before Summer trains them to practice their “Britney Ladders”. They embark on a parody of the sexy-robot-baby voice. It’s a cheap laugh. ♦

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Is the US Navy Preparing to Counter China? https://techcomforces.com/is-the-us-navy-preparing-to-counter-china/ https://techcomforces.com/is-the-us-navy-preparing-to-counter-china/#respond Sat, 05 Jun 2021 22:00:00 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/is-the-us-navy-preparing-to-counter-china/

The Chinese Navy is already larger than the US Navy and is on track to reach up to 500 ships by 2030, not even counting its militarized Coast Guard ships. This means that the US Navy could find itself too dispersed in the event that the Chinese maritime forces concentrated in the Pacific organize some kind of offensive or aggressive military action.

The US Navy places a high priority on forward operations in vital hot spots around the world, and while the Pentagon has increased its number of naval assets in the Pacific, its forces are dispersed. worldwide to include the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. Perhaps because of its vast size and global reach, the US Navy could find itself outnumbered and armed in certain areas concentrated by a larger Chinese naval force if conflict erupted in the Pacific.

The Navy’s new tri-service maritime warfare strategy, called Advantage at sea: prevail with integrated naval power in all areas“, Entertains and seeks to counter this risk by maintaining” advanced and credible forces in combat “to” dissuade potential adversaries from degenerating into conflict by making this fight impossible for them to win “.

Are there any circumstances in which an adversary might think he could launch a “winnable” fight in a particular area given the absence of a large-scale naval force of heavy warships? This may partly explain why, at least at the end of last year, the Navy still envisioned a Navy of five hundred ships as a goal or a goal to strive for. This would include a significant mix of manned and unmanned ships capable of dispersing while being networked effectively and relying on sensors and long-range weapons to execute any type of war operations required.

However, will the Navy maintain its plan to expand to five hundred ships or more as quickly as possible to keep pace with China’s intention to reach that number within a decade? Perhaps the Biden administration will adjust the aiming point to a smaller size as it did during the Obama years. If so, could the Navy find itself too dispersed to respond effectively in the event that more concentrated enemy forces move decisively to launch large-scale attacks or gain control of an area?

the Three-service strategy says that while China has well-known expansionary global ambitions, the PLA’s navy forces are highly concentrated in the Pacific, a circumstance that poses the risk that US forces will be vastly outnumbered in any kind of maritime engagement.

However, if properly reinforced by a large multidomain network of meshed combat nodes such as surveillance aircraft, submarines, aerial, surface and submarine drones, a smaller and more dispersed US naval force could it succeed in dissuading or stopping any type of Chinese offensive in the Pacific? There may be some arguments to be made when you consider that the range of arms, networking capabilities, and multi-domain operational capabilities could potentially compensate for having a numerically smaller force. Perhaps weapon effectiveness and the ability to instantly share targeting details with fighter jets, surface ships, drones, submarines, or even ground weapons along a coastline could be much more decisive in war than just having a certain number of ships?

“As the existing elements of our force structure continue to provide credible combat power and strategic deterrence, increased integration will allow us to do more with the forces we already have,” the strategy concludes.

Kris Osborn is the editor of Defense for the National Interest. Osborn previously served in the Pentagon as a highly trained expert in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army – Acquisition, Logistics and Technology. Osborn also worked as an on-air presenter and military specialist on national television networks. He has appeared as a guest military expert on Fox News, MSNBC, The Military Channel, and The History Channel. He also holds an MA in Comparative Literature from Columbia University.

Image: Reuters

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Study provides new tools to probe novel spintronic devices – sciencedaily https://techcomforces.com/study-provides-new-tools-to-probe-novel-spintronic-devices-sciencedaily/ https://techcomforces.com/study-provides-new-tools-to-probe-novel-spintronic-devices-sciencedaily/#respond Sat, 05 Jun 2021 01:50:11 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/study-provides-new-tools-to-probe-novel-spintronic-devices-sciencedaily/ Like all metals, silver, copper and gold are conductors. Electrons pass through them, carrying heat and electricity. While gold is a good conductor under all conditions, some materials have the property of behaving like metallic conductors only if the temperatures are high enough; at low temperatures, they act as insulators and do not carry electricity well. In other words, these unusual materials range from acting like a piece of gold to acting like a piece of wood when temperatures are lowered. Physicists have developed theories to explain this so-called metal-insulator transition, but the mechanisms behind the transitions are not always clear.

“In some cases, it’s not easy to predict whether a material is a metal or an insulator,” says Yejun Feng, visiting associate of Caltech, Okinawa Institute for Science and Technology Graduate University. “Metals are always good conductors no matter what, but some other so-called apparent metals are insulators for reasons that are not well understood.” Feng has been puzzled over this issue for at least five years; other members of his team, such as collaborator David Mandrus of the University of Tennessee, have been pondering the problem for more than two decades.

Now, a new study by Feng and colleagues, published in Nature Communication, offers the clearest experimental proof to date of a theory of the metal-insulator transition proposed 70 years ago by physicist John Slater. According to this theory, magnetism, which results from the orderly organization of the so-called “spins” of electrons in a material, can only cause the metal-insulator transition; in other previous experiments, changes in the structure of a material’s lattice or interactions of electrons depending on their charges have been held responsible.

“This is a problem that dates back to a theory introduced in 1951, but so far it has been very difficult to find an experimental system that actually demonstrates spin-spin interactions as the driving force due to confounding factors.” , explains the co-author. Thomas Rosenbaum, professor of physics at Caltech who is also the president of the Institute and the presidential chair Sonja and William Davidow.

“Slater proposed that when the temperature is lowered, an ordered magnetic state would prevent electrons from passing through the material,” says Rosenbaum. “While his idea is theoretically valid, it turns out that for the vast majority of materials, the way electrons electronically interact with each other has a much stronger effect than magnetic interactions, which made it difficult to try to prove Slater’s mechanism. “

The research will help answer fundamental questions about the behavior of different materials, and could also have technological applications, for example in the field of spintronics, in which the spins of electrons would form the basis of electrical devices instead of electronic charges. as is the routine. now. “The fundamental questions about metal and insulators will be relevant in the next technological revolution,” Feng said.

Neighbors interacting

Typically, when something is a good conductor, like a metal, electrons can flow largely unimpeded. Conversely, with insulators, electrons get stuck and cannot travel freely. The situation is comparable to that of communities of people, explains Feng. If you think of materials as communities and electrons as members of households, then “insulators are communities with people who don’t want their neighbors to come because it makes them uncomfortable.” Conductive metals, however, represent “tight-knit communities, like in a college dormitory, where neighbors visit each other freely and frequently,” he says.

Likewise, Feng uses this metaphor to explain what happens when certain metals become insulators when temperatures drop. “It’s like winter, in that people – or electrons – stay home and don’t go out and interact.”

In the 1940s, physicist Sir Nevill Francis Mott discovered how certain metals can become insulators. His theory, which won him the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1977, described how “certain metals can become insulators when electron density decreases by separating atoms from each other in a practical way,” according to the press release from Nobel prize. In this case, the repulsion between the electrons is at the origin of the transition.

In 1951, Slater proposed an alternative mechanism based on spin-spin interactions, but this idea has been difficult to prove experimentally because other metal-insulator transition processes, including those proposed by Mott, can overwhelm Slater’s mechanism. , making it difficult to isolate.

The challenges of real materials

In the new study, the researchers were finally able to demonstrate the Slater mechanism experimentally using a compound studied since 1974, called pyrochlore oxide or Cd2Os2O7. This compound is not affected by other metal-insulator transition mechanisms. However, within this material, Slater’s mechanism is overshadowed by an unforeseen experimental challenge, namely the presence of “domain walls” that divide the material into sections.

“The walls of the estate are like highways or major roads between communities,” Feng explains. In pyrochlore oxide, the walls of the domain are conductive, even though most of the material is insulating. Although the domain walls started out as an experimental challenge, they were found to be essential in the team’s development of a new measurement procedure and technique to prove Slater’s mechanism.

“Previous efforts to prove Slater’s metal-insulator transition theory failed to account for the fact that domain walls masked magnetism-induced effects,” says Yishu Wang (PhD ’18), co-author of a continuously worked on this study since graduating from Caltech. “By isolating the walls of the mass domain of insulating materials, we were able to develop a more complete understanding of the Slater mechanism.” Wang had previously worked with Patrick Lee, visiting professor at Caltech at MIT, to deepen the basic understanding of conductive domain walls using symmetry arguments, which describe how and whether electrons in materials respond to changes in direction of a magnetic field.

“By challenging conventional assumptions about how electrical conductivity measurements are made in magnetic materials through fundamental symmetry arguments, we have developed new tools to probe spintronic devices, many of which depend on transport through the walls of the estate, ”explains Rosenbaum.

“We developed a methodology to distinguish the influence of the domain wall, and only then could Slater’s mechanism be revealed,” says Feng. “It’s a bit like finding a diamond in the rough.”

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Space Force seeks to build on a new structure in 2022 https://techcomforces.com/space-force-seeks-to-build-on-a-new-structure-in-2022/ https://techcomforces.com/space-force-seeks-to-build-on-a-new-structure-in-2022/#respond Thu, 03 Jun 2021 20:16:00 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/space-force-seeks-to-build-on-a-new-structure-in-2022/

Throughout its first year of existence, the US Space Force focused on the “macro,” that is, developing the overall structure by which the all-new service would be organized. Now, as it heads into Year 2, the USSF will look to “really operationalize” this new structure, said Col. Matthew S. Cantore, commander of Space Delta 2.

Speaking at an “Air and Space Warfighters in Action” event hosted by the Air Force Association on June 3, Cantore and Chief Master Sgt. April L. Brittain, Senior Enlisted Leader of Space Delta 2, explained how this new structure differs from the traditional Air Force one and how it will continue to evolve in 2022 and beyond.

Cantore and Brittain being both from the Air Force, they both “bleed blue inside,” Cantore joked at the start of Thursday’s event, and they recognized the close connection between air and space forces. But in years to come, that blue “turns dark black” as the makeup of the Space Force changes.

Specifically, inter-agency transfers from the military and navy are expected to increase in 2022 and 2023, Cantore said, and as they come on board, the culture of the Space Force will change.

“We’re thrilled with this and I think it will make us stronger,” Cantore said. “We talk about diversity in many ways – this diversity from other services may force us a little outside our traditional Air Force comfort zone, but it is not the Air Force as a service is a new service, so we are finding our way.

A new way to operate

Compared to the Air Force, the new space force delta and garrison structure has fewer levels, Cantore explained.

“We got rid of the numbered Air Force echelon, and we took the wing and the group echelons, which we had all known and loved for many years, and put them together, smashed, then shattered, Cantore said. “So we took the base operational support, all of these combat support functions, and we took them and put them in a garrison, which is so essential to support the mission, and now we have the Delta, which is singularly focused on the operational mission entrusted to us.

With fewer levels of command and a smaller overall force, training for the Space Force will need to be different and more comprehensive, Cantore said.

“As we prepare for important events, we prepare, we perform large-scale exercises, but that is not the norm in a daily setting,” Cantore said. “And so our training, I think, has to evolve towards a holistic and corporate level evolution.”

The Delta, not the squadron, is the “showcase force” for Space Force. And relative to the size of Air Force wings and groups, deltas are small, at least when it comes to personnel.

“I think when I was a task group commander I started with about 2,000 people, if you add all the contractors, all the civilians. … Now we’re seated at about 400, 450 in total when we add everything up, ”Cantore said.

Understanding a crowded area

In addition to bringing in new people, Cantore said he expects new systems to come online in 2022, which will expand the capabilities and responsibilities of Space Delta 2.

“[Personnel] in terms of numbers, you don’t really see much growth here directly in Space Delta 2, but there is so much going on from a systems perspective going forward, ”Cantore said. “Where you’re going to see a lot of growth, I believe, is in satellite communications.”

As part of its operational mission, Space delta 2 is tasked with tracking thousands of satellites, rockets and debris in orbit, and as the unit updates and tracks whatever is already there, hundreds of additional payloads are added. – Cantore noted that there have already been more payloads put into orbit in the first five months of 2021 than there have been throughout 2020.

Beyond just tracking these objects, Cantore said the goal of Space Delta 2 is to synthesize all the data and collaborate with other Deltas, as well as other departments, allies and business partners, to better understand what it all means.

“Understanding what’s going on in the field is the foundation for everything that needs to happen in the future, and so we take this very seriously,” Cantore said. “It is certainly not without challenges. This growth that we are seeing right now, that we have no expectations, is going to slow down, it will continue. It certainly prompts us to develop and improve our capabilities so that we can stay ahead of what is becoming an increasingly crowded field.

While still fulfilling this mission, the service must also continue to develop its new structure and new culture. And developments on this front are expected in the coming months – Britain said at the same event that the USSF “expects” to release “its new ranks and insignia” hopefully within the deadline. June ”.

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UN sounds alarm over threat posed by emboldened Taliban, still closely linked to al-Qaeda https://techcomforces.com/un-sounds-alarm-over-threat-posed-by-emboldened-taliban-still-closely-linked-to-al-qaeda/ https://techcomforces.com/un-sounds-alarm-over-threat-posed-by-emboldened-taliban-still-closely-linked-to-al-qaeda/#respond Thu, 03 Jun 2021 02:34:26 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/un-sounds-alarm-over-threat-posed-by-emboldened-taliban-still-closely-linked-to-al-qaeda/

Emboldened Taliban poses grave and growing threat to Afghan government, remains close to Al Qaeda and believes it can return to power by force if necessary, says UN Security Council report published Wednesday.

With the last US troops due to leave Afghanistan in the coming months, the report compiled by the United Nations monitoring team tasked with monitoring security threats in Afghanistan paints a grim picture of the security outlook. It will be an uncomfortable read for the Biden administration as it strives to end the US military presence in the country.

Biden has pledged to withdraw all remaining U.S. forces by September 11 – the twentieth anniversary of September 11.

Within the framework of last year’s deal between the previous Trump administration and the Taliban, the militant Islamist organization has promised to order its members “not to cooperate with groups or individuals threatening the security of the United States and its allies” in return for the withdrawal of American troops.

But the UN monitoring team says the Taliban remain “closely aligned” with the al-Qaeda terrorist network – which has threatened “War on all fronts” against the United States.

The two groups “show no indication of breaking ties,” although they have temporarily tried to hide their connections, according to the report, although it notes that the Taliban are calling it “false information,” according to the report.

The Taliban threat

The departure of US troops is accompanied by violence in Afghanistan at its highest level in two decades. According to the UN report, 2020 was “the most violent year the United Nations has ever recorded in Afghanistan.” Security incidents have increased by more than 60% in the first three months of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020.

The UN team said the Taliban are “responsible for the vast majority of targeted assassinations which have become a hallmark of violence in Afghanistan and which appear to be carried out with the aim of weakening the capacity of the government and intimidate civil society. . “And he maintains that part of the Taliban leadership has no interest in the peace process, claiming that” the two deputy heads of the Taliban, Mullah Mohammad Yaqub Omari and Sirajuddin Haqqani are reported by member states as opposed to peace talks and in favor of a military solution “.

Haqqani is the commander of the Haqqani network, a powerful semi-autonomous force within the Taliban structure. According to the UN, Mullah Yaqub (also spelled Yaqoob), son of the late founder of the Taliban, Mullah Omar, was appointed head of the Taliban military commission in May 2020.

UN observers believe that “the security situation in Afghanistan remains as tense and difficult as at any time in recent history”, with member states reporting that “the Taliban have emboldened themselves to continue attacks for more. long periods while exercising greater freedom of movement. This allowed the Taliban to consolidate their forces around major provincial capitals and district centers, allowing them to remain ready to launch attacks. “

They add that many believe the Taliban “seeks to shape future military operations when levels of departing foreign troops are no longer able to respond effectively.”

According to the UN report, member states estimate that the Taliban “contests or controls about 50 to 70 percent of Afghan territory outside urban centers, while also exercising direct control over 57 percent of district administrative centers. “.

Asfandyar Mir, a South Asian security analyst at Stanford University, said the Taliban appeared ready to go on the offensive against the Afghan government. “The Taliban are starting to exert significant pressure in the provinces adjacent to Kabul – including, worryingly, in neighboring Laghman, which has seen significant defections of Afghan security forces to the benefit of the Taliban,” Mir told CNN. “In the south of the country, the Taliban are preparing to exert more pressure on the provincial capitals.

The report estimates that despite twenty years of war, the number of the Taliban remains “strong” and “recruitment has remained stable” – with estimates of the insurgent group’s combat strength ranging from 58,000 to 100,000.

In contrast, the Afghan army is in decline. “In February 2021, the strength of the Afghan forces stood at around 308,000, well below its target of 352,000,” the report said.

This leaves no side with a decisive advantage. According to an assessment published earlier this year by CTC Sentinel, a journal published by the US Military Academy West Point, the Taliban would have a “slight military advantage” when the last remaining US troops leave Afghanistan, which “would then likely expand in an aggravating way.”

The UN report notes that “air contributions provided by coalition forces have been essential support for ground operations; it remains to be seen how the Afghan forces will behave without it.

“The next international military withdrawal (…) will challenge the Afghan forces by limiting air operations with fewer drones, radar and surveillance capabilities, less logistical and artillery support, as well as an interruption of training, “notes the UN team.

He is also concerned that better-trained units such as the Afghan commandos would have to shoulder much of the burden of the fighting, if less disciplined units within the Afghan National Army and the Afghan National Police begin to pull out. collapse or defect.

Taliban income

The Taliban also has no shortage of income, according to the UN report. In 2020, according to estimates cited by the report, the Taliban earned the equivalent of more than $ 400 million from mining, and similar income from opium poppy crops.

The report also finds that “the Taliban have increasingly used extensive territorial control to extort money from a wide range of public infrastructure services, including road construction, telecommunications and road transport.”

With money to spend, the Taliban invested in more sophisticated weapons. The UN team highlights its use of commercially available drones loaded with explosives for attacks and an increase in the use of improvised magnetic explosive devices and suicide bombers (VBIED).

The Al-Qaeda Connection

President Biden argued in April that the United States’ task in Afghanistan was over. “We went to Afghanistan to look for the terrorists who attacked us on September 11. We have done justice to Osama bin Laden and we have degraded the terrorist threat of Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, ”declared the president.

But the UN report finds that a “significant portion” of al-Qaeda leadership is believed to still be in the border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan. He says reports of the death of Osama bin Laden’s top adviser, Ayman al-Zawahiri, have not been confirmed, with one member state saying “he is probably alive but too fragile to feature in propaganda” .

While the Taliban “maintains their long-standing practice of denying the presence of foreign terrorist fighters,” UN observers estimate that there are 8,000 to 10,000 belonging to various militant groups in Afghanistan, most of them considered “at least tolerated or protected by the Taliban.”

The monitoring team believes that the Taliban are trying to exert greater control over al-Qaeda, but warns that “it is impossible to assess with certainty that the Taliban will live up to their commitment to suppress any future international threats emanating from them. Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. “

He adds that the ties between the Taliban and al-Qaeda have “strengthened because of the personal ties of marriage and the shared partnership in the struggle, now cemented by second-generation ties.”

The UN team also said that, according to member states, “Al-Qaida maintains contact with the Taliban but has played down open communications with Taliban leadership in an attempt to ‘keep a low profile’ and not undermine the diplomatic position of the Taliban vis-à-vis the Doha agreement. “

The UN team stresses that “it will be important for the international community to watch for any signs that Afghanistan is once again becoming a destination for extremists with both regional and international programs.”

Asfandyar Mir agrees that al Qaeda remains firmly aligned with the Afghan Taliban and supports the Taliban’s strategy of securing a US withdrawal. “I expect him to find safe sanctuary in Afghanistan again, although it is not clear whether al Qaeda will reconstitute an international terrorist operation from Afghanistan,” Mir said.

In the immediate term, the UN warns that the Taliban could carry out “attacks against the withdrawal of the forces in a new attempt to score propaganda points on the United States”. And its longer-term prognosis is grim.

The report concludes that “the intention of the Taliban appears to be to continue to strengthen their military position as leverage. It believes that it can achieve almost all of its objectives through negotiation or, if necessary, by force.

Mir agrees, saying, “The Afghan Taliban pose a major threat to the survival of the Afghan government, which is likely to increase dramatically with the complete withdrawal of US forces.

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Can Hezbollah survive Nasrallah? – The Jerusalem Post https://techcomforces.com/can-hezbollah-survive-nasrallah-the-jerusalem-post/ https://techcomforces.com/can-hezbollah-survive-nasrallah-the-jerusalem-post/#respond Wed, 02 Jun 2021 07:36:00 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/can-hezbollah-survive-nasrallah-the-jerusalem-post/

Iran recently posted an interesting photo. It shows Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Quds Force leader Qasem Soleimani seated with one of his deputies, named Mohammed Hejazi, and Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah. Soleimani was killed by the United States in 2020. Hejazi died in April. Nasrallah seems to be sick now. Rumors have suggested he may die. Even if it doesn’t, it raises questions about a post-Nasrallah Hezbollah. Men like Nasrallah are central to Iran’s role in the region. These men, along with Imad Mughniyeh, a Hezbollah leader who was killed in 2008, and Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis, leader of Kataib Hezbollah in Iraq, played a key role in Iran’s domination of the region. Muhandis was killed in 2020 alongside Soleimani. Hejazi played a key role in Iran’s precision-guided munitions project and in building Iran’s network in the region by moving these missiles to Hezbollah. Nasrallah enjoys giving speeches, usually in his bunker where he has been hiding since the 2006 war against Israel. Even in the bunker, it looked impressive and it expresses a growing mastery of the region and Hezbollah’s role in Iran’s worldview. Hezbollah is a powerful terrorist organization with some 150,000 missiles and a state in the parallel state in Lebanon. It has networks from West Africa to South America, from Lebanon to Iran and beyond. She plays a role in Syria and Iraq and now works with the Houthis in Yemen. But Nasrallah’s appearance suggests he may be in decline. Hezbollah supporters say he just has a cold or maybe pneumonia. Other rumors say he had Covid. Nasrallah’s impressive speeches were key to how he is viewed. Professor Eyal Zisser writing to Israel HaYom says that “this whole perception, however, collapsed with the sound of his first cough and the many others that followed. So, Nasrallah’s victory speech became his “cough speech,” and instead of focusing on his threats and bombastic statements, his health grabbed the headlines. Zisser makes an important point: “Unlike Hamas, which has replaced its leadership on several occasions, not least because of several assassinations attributed to Israel, Nasrallah has been the one and only dominant leader of Hezbollah for almost three decades now. As with any typical Middle Eastern dictator, he ensured that a possible successor never emerges, which brings us to the questions currently facing Lebanon in the aftermath of Nasrallah, which, although delayed, are always inevitable. This is important because Hezbollah developed under Nasrallah. It has grown into an organization of phenomenal power, more powerful than Lebanon and more powerful than many small states. He helped save the Syrian regime during the Syrian civil war, intervening in 2012 and helping the Assad regime hold out until the Russian intervention in 2015. Despite the fact that Hezbollah can only recruit from among a Lebanon’s relatively small Shiite population of several hundred thousand military-aged men, Hezbollah was able to recruit thousands, many of whom became victims of the recent war in Syria. Many more have become veterans, increasing their abilities. Nasrallah has played a key role in this and is in many ways the last of the main members of the Iranian axis in the region. With Mughniyeh papa, Hejazi dead, Soleimani dead, Muhandis dead, Nasrallah is the last proverbial of the Mohicans. This question is complicated. Iran’s proxies do not rely on any man. Unlike a regime like Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, the Iranian octopus network is not based solely on young and old. Because the Iranian system breeds like an amoeba throughout the region, it is fundamentally rooted in the abilities of the people it recruits, primarily among the Shiites. It relies on engineers and operators and often trains relatively small units of elite groups, such as Kataib Hezbollah, to carry out large-scale operations. For example, Kataib has been involved in drone attacks against Saudi Arabia. Pro-Iran militias use 107mm and 122mm rockets to target US forces. They do it with such clandestine eagerness that they can set up rockets and vanish into the night and no amount of the CIA, NSA, and US SOCOM can find them, apparently. Of course, sometimes they make mistakes, Soleimani and Muhandis were killed by the United States and Mughniyah died at the hands of professionals, but in general these men rely on smart and strong structures. Hezbollah will need such a structure if it is to survive Nasrallah and prosper. What we know about his health. Not much except rumors. One article says he underwent a direct examination by a specialist doctor and there was no need to use a hospital. Supposedly a doctor who had been to the United States was also consulted, as well as experts in local medicine. He may be taking folk remedies such as “eucalyptus leaves, which are famous for relieving coughs, infections, seasonal allergies and improving lung health,” according to an article by ‘Al-Jumhuriya. “According to the information, Nasrallah continues to work and follow the files concerned, at a measured pace via the internal telephone, and he communicates when necessary with the leaders of the party who form part of the circle which surrounds him.” This is also what was said of Stalin even when he was incapacitated. Hezbollah says Nasrallah has allergies. He will be fine. The region is waiting to find out.

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