Technological Forces – Tech Com Forces http://techcomforces.com/ Mon, 03 Oct 2022 09:10:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://techcomforces.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png Technological Forces – Tech Com Forces http://techcomforces.com/ 32 32 The global crane market is expected to reach $38 billion by 2030, according to Global https://techcomforces.com/the-global-crane-market-is-expected-to-reach-38-billion-by-2030-according-to-global/ Mon, 03 Oct 2022 09:10:00 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/the-global-crane-market-is-expected-to-reach-38-billion-by-2030-according-to-global/

Selbyville Delaware, Oct. 03, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) —

The crane market is expected to cross a valuation of $38 billion by 2030, according to latest research study by Global Market Insights Inc. Rising demand for cranes in urban infrastructure development is expected to drive industry trends. Increasing disposable income of the working class, along with technological advancements in cranes, are believed to increase the demand for cranes.

Limited knowledge of project management techniques is likely to emerge as a key factor hindering the growth of the crane market. Various risks associated with cranes, including inefficient use of equipment, as well as weak infrastructure sites, shortage of skilled employees, and low use of high-performance technologies, hinder their penetration. However, the introduction of platforms optimized to track real-time activities and equipment location, which allow owners to monitor and manage fleet efficiency, should benefit players to eventually combat this constraint. .

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Increased use in telecommunications industry to drive mobile crane revenue growth

The mobile crane segment is expected to witness considerable demand through 2030 due to the widespread installation and maintenance of telephone lines requiring cranes. In the telecommunications industry, mobile cranes are used to provide a platform at dangerous heights and to service overhead lines, which strengthens segmental growth. The sector is further classified according to type, load capacity and application.

The Mobile Crawler Crane Industry Will See Significant Growth

The crawler crane industry would register a CAGR of over 5% from 2022 to 2030. This growth is attributed to the increasing importance of crawler cranes in the transportation, construction and manufacturing sectors as they are suitable complex projects and can lift objects in confined spaces. Their tracking properties make them very stable on various types of ground, including rough and difficult terrain, which are primed to boost product penetration.

Increased preference for mobile cranes in manufacturing applications

Demand for cranes in the manufacturing industry is expected to reach an estimated over USD 500 million by 2030. The thriving sector is encouraging participants to retrofit their existing equipment with single-engine designs to reduce carbon emissions and costs operating costs, thereby improving their revenue share, which is expected to favor the mobile crane market prospects by the end of 2030.

Latin America on the way to becoming a leading regional land

The Crane market in Latin America is expected to reach approximately $2 billion in revenue by 2030. Rapid developments and investments in the power distribution industry in the region are influencing the growth of the business thereafter. Additionally, the utility vertical monetizes the lack of traditional infrastructure in the region, which is expected to boost the progress of the LATAM industry.

Product diversification will remain a key growth strategy

Crane market competitive landscape includes Elliott Equipment Company, Altec Inc., Broderson Manufacturing Corp, Fushun Yongmao Construction Machinery Co., Ltd, Columbus Mckinnon Corporation, Dongqi Crane, Effer SPA, Fassi Gru SpA, Hitachi Sumitomo Heavy Industries Construction Crane Co . ., Ltd., Ingersoll Rand, PLC, Cargotec Corporation, JASO Industrial Cranes, Kato Works Co., Ltd., Kito Corporation, Kobelco Construction Machinery Co., Ltd., Konecranes Plc, Liebherr Group, Linden Comansa (Construcciones Metálicas Comansa SA ), Locatelli Crane SRL, Mammoet, Manitex International, Inc., The Manitowoc Company, Inc., OMV Officine Meccaniche VICARIO SPA, Palfinger AG, Raimondi Cranes Spa, Sany Group, Tadano Ltd., Terex Corporation, Weldco Beales Manufacturing, Wolffkran International AG, Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group Co., Ltd. (XCMG) and Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science and Technology Co., Ltd.

These companies strive to provide value-added services and engage in strategic alliances to launch innovative products and increase their market reach. For example, in May 2022, Sany Group, a Chinese heavy equipment manufacturing company, launched a series of low-maintenance, high-fuel-saving cranes called SRC400C. It adapts convincingly to demands, delivering operational efficiency and savings through its distinctive twin-engine modes for transporter and crane capabilities.

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Partial Table of Contents (ToC) of the report:

Chapter 2 Executive Summary
2.1 360 Crane Industry0 synthesis, 2018– 2030
2.2 Trade trends
2.3 Regional trends
2.4 Product trends
Chapter 3 Crane Industry Overview
3.1 Presentation

3.2 Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak

3.3 Impact of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict
3.4 Cranes Industry Ecosystem Analysis
3.5 Technology and innovation landscape
3.6 Regulatory landscape
3.7 Industry impact forces
3.7.1 Drivers of growth
3.7.1.1 Rise in mining activities in North America
3.7.1.2 Increased use in the transportation and logistics industry in Europe
3.7.1.3 Increase investment in infrastructure development in APAC
3.7.1.4 Rise in construction activities in Latin America
3.7.1.5 Expansion of oil and gas industry in MEA
3.7.2 Industry Pitfalls and Challenges
3.7.2.1 High capital investments
3.7.2.2 Lack of qualified operators and technicians
3.8 Main initiatives and news
3.9 Patent Analysis
3.10 Analysis of price trends
3.11 Analysis of growth potential
3.12 Porter’s analysis
3.13 PESTEL Analysis

Browse our report store – GMIPulse @ https://www.gminsights.com/gmipulse

About Global Market Insights Inc.

Global Market Insights Inc., headquartered in Delaware, USA, is a global provider of market research and advisory services, offering syndicated and custom research reports as well as consulting services. growth. Our business intelligence and industry research reports provide clients with in-depth insights and actionable market data specially designed and presented to aid in strategic decision-making. These comprehensive reports are designed through proprietary research methodology and are available for key industries such as chemicals, advanced materials, technology, renewable energy and biotechnology.


        
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		UNLV Partners with Tech Talent Accelerator to Open New Pathways to High-Demand Careers
		https://techcomforces.com/unlv-partners-with-tech-talent-accelerator-to-open-new-pathways-to-high-demand-careers/
		
		
		Thu, 29 Sep 2022 19:00:00 +0000
				
		https://techcomforces.com/unlv-partners-with-tech-talent-accelerator-to-open-new-pathways-to-high-demand-careers/

					
										

Collaboration with SkillStorm will expand access to technology skills training and industry-recognized credentials for UNLV students, graduates and community members

LA VEGAS, September 29, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — The University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) today announced a collaboration with technology talent accelerator SkillStorm, designed to provide increased access to industry-recognized credentials in high-demand enterprise technologies, including AWS, Salesforce, CompTIA and Pega. An initiative of UNLV Continuing Education, the collaboration is specifically focused on driving tech talent to the UNLV community.

“As an institution committed to supporting a growing population of non-traditional learners, we are always looking for new approaches that can help bridge the gap between learning and work,” said Chris L. Heavey, UNLV executive vice president and provost. “This collaboration aims to expand access to technology certification courses that can help our students, alumni, and community members gain access to careers in the region’s fastest growing industries.”

This collaboration is part of an ongoing effort UNLV, a Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI) and a Minority Serving Institution (MSI), to create new opportunities for students and community members to access technology education. Last year, the establishment launched an incubator to support student and teacher-entrepreneurs, and last summer UNLV Continuing Education introduced several programs and certifications in cybersecurity, software development, analytics, sales operations and sales development science to enhance skills of the elders and the local community.

“In a context of continuous technological change in the workplace, higher education institutions have both the opportunity – and the responsibility – to help students and community members access the skills that demands of today’s employers,” said Justin Vianello, CEO of SkillStorm. “The University of Nevada, Las Vegas illustrates the crucial role that colleges and universities can play in creating diverse tech talent pools that help fill talent and equity gaps across the country. »

Registration is now open. For more information on these programs and how to enroll, visit https://unlv-catalog.skillstorm.com/.

About the UNLV Education Outreach Division

The Educational Extension Division at UNLV is committed to creating an environment that fosters quality teaching, professional development, stimulating research, and community engagement. The courses and programs we offer are developed with excellence in mind. The Continuing Education Unit designs and delivers high-quality non-credit programs, courses, workshops, and seminars to professional and casual learners. The Division’s programs support UNLV mission and main themes. UNLV DEO is located on the Paradise campus of UNLV. Learn more about edoutreach.unlv.edu

About UNLV

UNLV is a doctoral-granting institution of more than 31,000 students and 3,900 faculty and staff that has earned the nation’s highest recognition for research and community engagement from the Carnegie Endowment for the Advancement of Education. ‘education. UNLV offers a wide range of respected academic programs and is committed to recruiting and retaining the best students and faculty, educating the region’s diverse population and workforce, stimulating economic activity and creating a center university health for Southern Nevada. Learn more about unlv.edu.

About SkillStorm

SkillStorm brings together Fortune 500 employers, universities and government agencies to train the highly skilled tech workforce of tomorrow. Through partnerships with platforms such as Pega, Salesforce, AWS, and ServiceNow, we help active learners and future tech savvy build in-demand skills and earn industry-recognized certifications to compete in a fast-paced economy. increasingly dynamic. Our work is rooted in the belief that closing skills gaps and driving economic mobility are two sides of the same coin, and that new approaches to training can help both expand the pool of tech talent skilled and create new pathways to opportunity.

SOURCESkillStorm

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“Wake Up to UND” showcases Nistler, strategic plan, technology and partnerships https://techcomforces.com/wake-up-to-und-showcases-nistler-strategic-plan-technology-and-partnerships/ Wed, 28 Sep 2022 01:46:06 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/wake-up-to-und-showcases-nistler-strategic-plan-technology-and-partnerships/






Nearly 400 guests fill the UND Memorial Union Ballroom for ‘The Morning Show’

The laughs inside the UND Memorial Union Ballroom early Tuesday were all real – no laugh track needed – for the live taping of “Wake Up With UND: The Morning Show.”

Nearly 400 guests were part of the “live studio audience” for the sold-out breakfast celebrating UND’s successes and collaborative partnerships with the Grand Forks community and Grand Forks Air Force Base. Thousands more people online watched the annual event, hosted by the University and Grand Forks/East Grand Forks Chamber.

Following the success of last year’s “Wake Up to UND,” which mimicked a late-night talk show, this year’s program used a morning news show format featuring Andy Armacost, UND President and Faith Wahl, Student Body President behind the anchor desk.

Against a bright green backdrop of banners showing beautiful images of the UND Eternal Flame, the Adelphi Fountain and the new Memorial Union, Armacost opened the program saying, “We have a great show for you today. today!

Should be segments on the UND strategic plan, the new Nistler College of Business & Public Administration and a cooperative partnership agreement between UND and the air base, as well as the competitive world of drone racing.

A few highlights…

Blake Rafferty, an atmospheric science student at UND who is also a television meteorologist, gives the weather forecast for the day and for the week of the reunion. Photo by Mike Hess/UND Today.

First, the weather. UND junior and meteorologist-in-training Blake Rafferty took the stage to share Grand Forks’ seven-day weather forecast.

“I do weekend weather for KVRR in Fargo every other weekend, but it was definitely something different,” Rafferty told UND Today after the event. “I did the forecast in front of the station’s production team, but I never did it in front of hundreds of people. And we only did one test yesterday.

Even so, the blooper-less Rafferty looked less like a student and more like a seasoned professional. And it probably didn’t hurt his grades that he called for sunny skies and highs in the 70s for the reunion weekend.

The strategic plan. As co-chairs of the planning process, Lynette Krenelkaexecutive director of the Teaching Transformation & Development Academy, and Chester Fritz Distinguished Professor of History Jim Mochoruk reported that there was an overwhelming response.

“We received contributions from so many different individuals and groups,” Krenelka said. “It was truly a wonderful process. If you count the number of people who have been part of the working groups, it’s 200 people, so it’s quite considerable. I feel like we included so many voices in this plan. It will really be a plan from the folks at the University of North Dakota and beyond.

Mochoruk added: “We hope this will be a really living document with lots of good ideas that can continue to emerge from the framework of the work we have already done. The purpose of the document is going to be to help the UND move forward so that people know what we want to achieve, where we are going and, perhaps, the means to achieve it.

In keeping with a morning news show format, UND Student Body President Faith Wahl (right) interviews Amy Henley, Dean of the Nistler School of Business & Public Administration, about features of the new building at the open for the fall semester. Photo by Mike Hess/UND Today.

A montage of the Nistler: Guests were treated to a montage of images showcasing his brand new Nistler College of Commerce and Public Administrationas well as a live interview with Dean Amy Henley.

Henley shared that UND has long been recognized for the success of its students inside and outside the classroom.

“It’s so special to have such a strong relationship with our community. We are proud to say that Mayor (Brandon) Bochenski is one of our economics graduates, but we also have many other partners. I think one of the most telling examples is when the city invested $1.3 million in Nistler Hall. We are so proud to have the Grand Forks Workforce Development Center in this student-friendly area, just on the first floor.

“Students from across campus can come see what the opportunities are with the city of Grand Forks and with different organizations in the city,” she added.

UND President Andy Armacost (right) discusses the recent Grand Forks Air Force Base partnership agreement with Will Semke (left), associate dean of the College of Engineering & Mines, and Lt. Col. Mike Dunn, director of the GFAFB North Spark Defense Laboratory. Photo by Mike Hess/UND Today.

Working hand in hand with the GFAFB. Lt. Col. Mike Dunn, director of the North Spark Defense Laboratory at Grand Forks Air Force Base, and Guillaume SemkeAssociate Dean for Academic Affairs at UND College of Engineering and Miningshared some of the ways the University and Grand Forks Air Force Base are working together to achieve their goals.

“This is a great opportunity to solidify and make permanent an agreement to work on projects of mutual interest,” Semke said. “It gives us an infinite structure that will last beyond different orders and a maze of different generations of teachers and students.”

Already, airmen are practicing painting Global Hawks — a surprisingly difficult task — using a virtual reality system. The glasses keep going and they do all the right moves without doing any damage.

Jerry Fuller, a UND student, member of the University’s drone club, and researcher at the Autonomous Systems Research Institute, demonstrates piloting a small drone for President Armacost and guests in attendance. Photo by Mike Hess/UND Today.

A whoops with a little whoops. President Armacost also had the chance to fly a miniature drone called Whoops above the crowd, but not before UND student Jerry Fuller, a member of the UAS Remote Control Club, asked, “Did you Have you ever flown one of these things?

“Yesterday…and I crashed twice,” the president replied to laughter from the crowd.

Eventually, Armacost successfully proved it had downward steering, maneuvering the drone full circle through 90 degree turns. As for the landing…let’s just say it will take more practice.

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South Korea Says North Korea Tested Seaward Missile: NPR https://techcomforces.com/south-korea-says-north-korea-tested-seaward-missile-npr/ Sun, 25 Sep 2022 09:23:38 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/south-korea-says-north-korea-tested-seaward-missile-npr/

People watch a news program showing stock footage of a missile launch by North Korea at Seoul Station in Seoul, South Korea, Sunday, Sept. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Ahn Young -joon)

Ahn Young-joon/AP


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People watch a news program showing stock footage of a missile launch by North Korea at Seoul Station in Seoul, South Korea, Sunday, Sept. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Ahn Young -joon)

Ahn Young-joon/AP

SEOUL, South Korea — North Korea fired a short-range ballistic missile toward its eastern seas on Sunday, extending a provocative streak of weapons testing as a U.S. aircraft carrier visits South Korea for joint military exercises in response to the growing nuclear threat from the North.

South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said the missile launched from the western inland city of Taechon traveled 600 kilometers (370 miles) across the country at a maximum altitude of 60 kilometers (37 miles) before landing in waters off the east coast of North Korea.

South Korea’s presidential office said National Security Director Kim Sung-han called an emergency meeting of the National Security Council during which members denounced the launch as a flagrant violation of resolutions of the UN Security Council and accused the North of increasing tensions in the region.

US Indo-Pacific Command said the launch did not pose “an immediate threat to US personnel or territory, or to our allies”, but did stress the destabilizing impact of illicit aviation programs. North Korea’s nuclear and missile weapons.

The launch came as the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan and its strike group arrived in South Korea for the two countries’ joint military exercises aimed at showing strength against growing North Korean threats.

South Korea’s foreign ministry said its nuclear envoy Kim Gunn had phone calls with Sung Kim, US President Joe Biden’s special representative for North Korea, and Funakoshi Takehiro, director general for Asian and Oceania affairs at the Japanese Foreign Ministry, to discuss trilateral cooperation in the face of North Korean threats.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said in a statement that Tokyo is “doing everything possible” to gather information on North Korea’s launch and confirm the safety of the ships and planes, although no damage was caused. reported immediately.

The North Korean threat is also expected to be on the agenda when US Vice President Kamala Harris visits South Korea next week after attending the state funeral in Tokyo of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

North Korea ramped up its testing activities at a record pace in 2022, testing more than 30 ballistic weapons, including its first intercontinental ballistic missiles since 2017. North Korea operates a division in the United Nations Security Council that s is dug because of Russia’s war against Ukraine to accelerate the development of armaments.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un punctuated his weapons tests with repeated threats that the North would proactively use its nuclear weapons if threatened, raising security concerns for its conventionally armed rival, North Korea. South.

Flight details announced by Seoul’s military suggest North Korea may have tested a nuclear-capable short-range weapon inspired by Russia’s Iskander missiles, which travel at relatively low altitudes and are designed to be maneuverable in flight , making them more difficult to intercept by missile defenses.

Kim Dong-yub, a professor at the University of North Korea Studies in Seoul, said it was remarkable that the missile traveled 600 kilometers (370 miles) from its Taechon launch point – roughly the distance to ‘at South Korea’s southern port, Busan, where the Reagan arrived on Friday. .

Iskander-type missiles are part of a growing arsenal of short-range solid-fuel systems that North Korea has been developing since 2019. The North describes some of these weapons as “tactical,” which experts say communicate threat to arm them with small nuclear weapons on the battlefield and use them proactively during conflict to blunt the stronger conventional forces of South Korea and the United States, which station around 28,500 troops in the South.

North Korea has so far rejected calls from the United States and South Korea to return to nuclear diplomacy, which have stalled since 2019 over disagreements over the exchange of release from directed sanctions. by the United States against the North and the North’s disarmament measures.

The arrival of the USS Reagan in South Korea came after Kim told parliament in Pyongyang this month that he would never give up the nuclear weapons and missiles he needs to counter what he perceives as American hostility.

Kim’s speech came as North Korean lawmakers passed a law that enshrines its status as a nuclear power and authorizes the pre-emptive use of nuclear weapons in a wide range of scenarios where the country or its leaders are threatened, setting out an escalating nuclear doctrine.

Speaking to U.S. and South Korean troops aboard the Reagan on Saturday, South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup said sending U.S. strategic assets to the region showed the unwavering commitment of the United States to defend South Korea. He said the North would receive an overwhelming response if it attempted to use nuclear weapons, according to a statement from his ministry.

Sunday’s test could soon be followed by a more provocative weapons demonstration, as South Korean officials said they detected signs that North Korea was preparing to test a missile system designed to be launched from of submarines. South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol’s office said on Saturday it had been briefed on the developments ahead of his flight home from a visit to Canada.

On Wednesday, 38 North, a North Korea-focused website, said its analysis of commercial satellite imagery shows several barges and other vessels gathered in the eastern port of Sinpo, where North Korea has a major construction shipyard. of submarines. The report says the North may be preparing to launch a new submarine capable of firing ballistic missiles.

North Korea has made great efforts to be able to fire nuclear missiles from submarines. Such weapons would in theory strengthen North Korea’s deterrence by ensuring retaliation after absorbing a nuclear attack on land.

Ballistic missile submarines would also add a new maritime threat to the North’s growing collection of solid-fuel weapons fired from ground vehicles, which are being developed with the apparent aim of overwhelming missile defense systems. in South Korea and Japan.

Still, experts say the heavily sanctioned nation would need significantly more time, resources and major technological upgrades to build at least several submarines that could travel the seas quietly and reliably execute strikes.

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Russia is considering mass mobilization. He will not save his army in Ukraine. https://techcomforces.com/russia-is-considering-mass-mobilization-he-will-not-save-his-army-in-ukraine/ Tue, 20 Sep 2022 21:49:39 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/russia-is-considering-mass-mobilization-he-will-not-save-his-army-in-ukraine/

Counting devastating Ukrainian losses and rapid Ukrainian gains more than 200 days after the start of its broader war against Ukraine, the Kremlin hinted on Tuesday that it could take a step that would be a profound change in its posture: a mobilization general on a national scale, which could enter service in time of war. potentially millions of Russians.

But this mobilization, if it materializes – and to be clear, it is a big if— would almost certainly fail to reverse Russia’s shaky situation in Ukraine. Indeed, a mobilization could very well accelerate The defeat of Russia.

“Mobilization in Russia solves nothing for them”, tweeted Mike Martin, member of the Department of War Studies at King’s College London.

The main sign of mobilization came in the form of a bill that was presented to the Duma, Russia’s legislative body, on Tuesday. Russian President Vladimir Putin did not approve the bill. A speech Putin was supposed to deliver on Tuesday has been postponed until Wednesday.

Mobilization could make military service compulsory for millions of Russians who, at present, can easily avoid biannual conscription into the armed forces. In theory, the mobilization could swell the ranks of the Russian army by the millions.

In practice, these throngs of new troops would lack the instructors to train them, the units to absorb them, the commanders to lead them, the non-commissioned officers to mentor them, and the equipment to give them useful combat power.

The main effects of mobilization would be to clog the fragile internal army garrisons, to undermine the legitimacy of Putin and his regime, to deplete the federal treasury and, in the best of cases, to fuel a large number of untrained, under-equipped and poorly led soldiers. men who, more likely than not, would quickly surrender, desert, or die.

Even a successful mobilization would be too late. “It takes months and months to turn civilians into soldiers,” Martin explained. “Russia needs soldiers yesterday, not in six months.”

In fact, the Russian military no longer trains new recruits to a useful level before sending them to the front lines. This summer, as the Kremlin made its first attempt to train new units to replace some of the estimated 50,000 casualties Russia had then suffered in Ukraine, trainees received just 30 days of training before deploying.

Months later, the army is even After desperate for fresh troops. Its casualties – dead and wounded – could now exceed 80,000. The Wagner Group, a mercenary company that represents the last unequivocally effective fighting force on the Russian side in Ukraine, recently lured volunteers from Russian prisons and did not supply them. given only a few days of training before deploying them.

Predictably, some of these untrained ex-convicts quickly surrendered to the Ukrainians. Now imagine a young Russian, who has never even sought fight, show up at the front with even less coaching. “Cannon meat” is how Mark Hertling, a retired US Army general, describe this hypothetical recruit.

This lack of training is not strictly a choice. Months ago, the Russian army attacked its training base – instructors and garrison troops – in order to form a few frontline battalions. These battalions, while still intact, are busy trying and mostly failing to hold back the twin Ukrainian counter-offensives in southern and eastern Ukraine.

All this to say that currently the Russian army could not train millions of new recruits, even if it sought at. She couldn’t equip or direct them either. The mass mobilization infrastructure that the Soviet Union built during the Cold War no longer exists.

” To execute [mobilization] in case of war, you must maintain excessive capabilities in … peacetime”, tweeted Kamil Galeev, independent expert on Russian politics. “And the Soviet Union did. A reason why [the] The Soviet army was so horribly oversized that it maintained enormous overkill just in case of mobilization.

But the military sold off all that excess capacity in the years following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. “There are no excess schools and land to train… new recruits. There are no excessive accommodations to house them. There are no excessive officers to lead them.

And after losing 2,000 tanks and thousands of other armored vehicles in the first seven months of the war, the army can no longer arm new troops, at least not with reasonably modern weapons. Those old T-62 tanks the Russians pulled from storage this summer were just a glimpse of the technological regression to come.

“This does not mean that Putin will not declare mobilization,” Galeev reflected. “It just means it would be really stupid for him to do that.” While clogging depleted army training bases with reluctant conscripts would not produce useful combat power, it is almost certain would have to inspire fierce resistance in a population that, so far, the Kremlin has managed to isolate against the worst effects of a lost war.

In this sense, the Ukrainians should almost hope for Putin to start recruiting millions. Mobilization, more than any success for Ukraine on the battlefield, could hasten the end of Putin’s rule…and the end of the war too.

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Debbie Wasserman Schultz wants to keep National Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force agenda alive https://techcomforces.com/debbie-wasserman-schultz-wants-to-keep-national-internet-crimes-against-children-task-force-agenda-alive/ Sun, 18 Sep 2022 22:00:47 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/debbie-wasserman-schultz-wants-to-keep-national-internet-crimes-against-children-task-force-agenda-alive/

Last week, the United States Representative Debbie Wasserman SchultzD-Fla., introduced the Providing Resources, Agents, and Technology to End Cyber ​​Threats to Our Children (PROTECT Our Children) Act.

The bill reauthorizes the National Crimes Against Children on the Internet (ICAC) Task Force Program and National ICAC Data System until 2024.

“This legislation supports the national network of 61 Coordinated Task Forces fighting child exploitation across the country. By reauthorizing the National Strategy for the Prevention and Interdiction of Child Exploitation, it is a powerful law enforcement tool that keeps online predators away from children,” Wasserman’s office noted. Schultz. “The original PROTECT Our Children Act that passed in 2008 authorized the ICAC Task Force Program, a coordinated group of task forces representing 3,500 federal, state and local law enforcement agencies and prosecutors engaged in reactive and proactive investigations across the country. ICAC task forces help local and state law enforcement create and implement effective responses to technology-facilitated child sexual exploitation by offering guidance on victim support, forensic and investigative elements, training and technical assistance, and community education.

“Our children deserve a bright and secure future, and the ICAC helps us secure that possibility. In just 14 years, ICAC arrests have increased from 2,500 a year nationwide to more than 10,400 in 2021 alone. I am proud to introduce legislation that reaffirms our commitment to America’s children and s builds on the original PROTECT law that I wrote over a decade ago,” Wasserman Schultz said. “In light of a rapidly changing technological environment, we must continue to make the internet a safe space for all children and protect ourselves against those who seek to exploit them. I am grateful for the efforts of my colleagues and for the bipartisan spirit that will allow this vital bill to be introduced. »

WE Representative Steve ChabotR-Ohio, Ann KusterD-NH and Guy ReschenthalerR-Penn., co-sponsored the bill.

“Our top priority must be the safety of our children. Unfortunately, as more and more of our daily lives take place online, it can be difficult to monitor their activities and protect them from those who prey on innocent children. The reauthorization of the Protecting Our Children Act ensures that law enforcement officers have the tools and resources they need to fight child predators,” Chabot said.

“Working to keep children safe online and prevent child sexual exploitation must be our top priority,” said Kuster, who founded and currently co-chairs the bipartisan Task Force to End Sexual Violence. “Especially as children spend more time online, we need to ensure law enforcement has the tools and resources to protect children, help victims, and hold the perpetrators of these horrific crimes accountable. This bipartisan legislation is crucial to keeping the children of Granite State safe.

“I witnessed the horrific impact of child sexual abuse as a district judge,” Reschenthaler said. “The ICAC Task Force program helps federal, state, and local law enforcement stop those who prey on our country’s children. I’m proud to help the ICAC continue its important work identification and prosecution of dangerous criminals.

The invoice was sent to the United States House Judiciary Committee.

To the United States Senate, United States Meaning Richard BlumenthalD-Ct., and John CornyR-Texas, defend the bill.

“This measure is essential to give law enforcement the tools necessary to combat the scourge of online child exploitation. Reauthorizing the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force program will help law enforcement detect, investigate and prosecute predators who commit these heinous crimes. We must continue to protect victims and hold criminals accountable,” Blumenthal said.

“By providing law enforcement with more support and tools to fight cybercrime, we can build more barriers between predators and the victims they target,” Cornyn said. “I urge my colleagues to reauthorize this legislation, which will support the victims of these heinous crimes and prevent future abuses.”

The National Network on Rape, Abuse and Incest (RAINN), the National Center for Missing and Exploited Childrenthe Fraternal Order of Police, Rights 4 Daughtersthe National Center on Sexual Exploitationand the National Association of District Attorneys all support the proposal.

Kevin Derby
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Whether Russians like, comment or subscribe – Big Brother is watching https://techcomforces.com/whether-russians-like-comment-or-subscribe-big-brother-is-watching/ Sat, 17 Sep 2022 06:30:41 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/whether-russians-like-comment-or-subscribe-big-brother-is-watching/

For most of Putin’s authoritarian rule, Russians could enjoy the fruits of globalization like smartphones and social media and be pretty much on their own — as long as they stayed out of politics. Seven months into the brutal war in Ukraine, the Russian military is losing ground to a surprise Ukrainian counteroffensive, and opponents of the war feel emboldened enough to call for Putin’s resignation. But the regime is playing a long game, and today every Russian is at greater risk of being surveilled, tracked and arrested simply for liking the wrong social media post.

While the invasion was met with near universal condemnation, sanctions and unrest in the country, the Russian government arrested and detained more than 16,000 people for opposing the war. Then he focused on expanding his toolbox to stifle national dissent. Authorities have blacklisted and blocked more than 7,000 websites, banned Meta (aka Facebook) for suspected extremist activity, and fined Telegram about $178,000 for failing to remove content about Ukraine.

Attacking popular platforms like Facebook and anti-regime websites are not new phenomena in Russia. But the war has accelerated the pace of digital surveillance, which in turn enables far-reaching political repressions. While Russian authorities may not have the technical ability to predict “undesirable” social behavior from a single post, they are certainly working on it – and the world should pay attention.

In March, the Russian parliament passed a series of bills imposing administrative and criminal liability and prison terms of up to 15 years for spreading false news, or “fakes,” about the Russian armed forces. Of the 236 criminal cases currently opened against Russian citizens for opposing the war in Ukraine, 80 are being prosecuted under the “false” law.

“The main purpose of the ‘forgery’ law is to ensure that only the government’s official position on socially important issues remains in public discourse,” said Stanislav Seleznev, attorney at the Net Freedoms Project, a special project of Agora International Human Rights. Band.

A joint analysis by Net Freedoms and BBC News Russia found that more than 55% of criminal cases opened under the law target ordinary citizens, as opposed to Russian journalists, activists and opposition figures who have long been lagging behind. object of prosecution. Among those accused of having “publicly and knowingly disseminated false information” about the armed forces this time include three pensioners, three police officers, two students, a teacher, a doctor and a priest.

One of the first to be prosecuted was a grandmother from Seversk who criticized the authorities on her Telegram channel. A Barnaul history teacher had to pay around $500 for reacting to anti-war posts on Odnoklassniki (a Russian social network) with sad emojis. Fortunately, he got off with an administrative fine, not a criminal trial.

“It’s a trend with social media, getting arrested for likes. Looks like with the invasion it’s escalating in Russia,” said Natalia Krapiva, technology legal counsel at Access Now. The future. “Ordinary people – not just activists, but anyone who says something moderate against the war or likes something the government doesn’t like – they are at greater risk.”

The bulk of criminal cases under the “forgeries” law were opened in March and April, when anti-war sentiments were high. But that has changed. Public willingness to openly oppose the war has dwindled with just 9% of Russians willing to attend a protest, down from around 20% six months ago. (It should be noted that, of course, it is difficult to find or collect unbiased polling data in Russia, especially since the start of the war.) But staying off the streets is not enough to escape targeted surveillance .

In June, Russia’s Emergency Situations Ministry unveiled plans to spend about $265 million to deploy “Safe City” facial recognition technology in three regions bordering Ukraine. Safe City appeared in Moscow in 2020 with cameras installed in metro and train stations to scan crowds against a database of wanted individuals. (In Moscow, you can even use your face to pay for your ride.) Since the invasion, Access Now has heard reports of people being detained in the Moscow metro in connection with their war-related social media posts. . The evidence is anecdotal, but it suggests facial recognition tools are being used to identify and track critics of the regime.

Russian President Vladimir Putin. Credit: Yuri Kochetkov/Reuters

Russian security services have a history of weaponizing public safety technology for overtly political purposes, such as harassing supporters of imprisoned dissident Alexei Navalny. But security ministries have now gone further to exploit a wealth of personal data collected across the country. In 2020, the Department of the Interior allocated $3.9 million to integrate regional data collection systems into a centralized federal database containing biometrics, police records, and other personal data.

The project was scrapped in July due to disagreements with the developer, but it shows a willingness to create “a honeypot of all data in one place,” a terrifying prospect, Krapiva says. Such a database means local and federal law enforcement can more easily monitor and harass people based on arbitrary characteristics, such as Ukrainian citizenship. Additionally, Russia has a notorious reputation for having weak security measures to protect personal data, leading to data leaks and the sale of data.

According to a 2022 report by Net Freedoms on political profiling, ending this project is only a temporary setback. Russia has a host of additional surveillance tools. For example, a private company, SEUSLAB, has registered a database that tracks social media users who are active during periods of peak protest activity and collects information about their friends, posts, shares and comments. Security services have used this tool since 2019 to identify “socially dangerous” content. The report concludes that there is no reason to assume that the Russian authorities have abandoned their plan to create a comprehensive surveillance and profiling system.

This grim prediction is confirmed. Last month, Roskomnadzor, the Russian internet regulator known for its brutal censorship, signed a contract worth around $886,000 with a private company to develop “Oculus”, a neural network system that analyzes images, videos and text on social media and messaging platforms for flag content prohibited by Russian law. Experts are skeptical that $886,000 is enough to get this system up and running by the announced December deadline.

krapiva said The future that even before the 2022 invasion, Russia likely lacked the technological and financial capability to implement AI-based predictive policing. New sanctions and the exodus of Western companies will further hamper Russia’s progress. But Russia’s protracted efforts to bolster its technological arsenal demonstrate a clear commitment to using modern surveillance tools to increase its capacity for targeted repression.

Sophisticated tools, from facial recognition to predictive profiling, are not a magic bullet for ensuring total control over a country’s population. But, Krapiva says, where Russia fails technologically, it makes up for it with traditional espionage methods like physical surveillance and social engineering. These tactics have proven effective in tracking down and poisoning Navalny in 2021.

“That doesn’t mean we should just sit back and wait for things to not work, for things to break,” Krapiva says. “If we look at how governments use the kinds of technologies that give them more control, they tend to adopt them, and there’s this mission creep. Even in democratic states, let alone in countries like Russia.

An algorithm that can accurately predict your protest potential based on your use of emojis or the types of posts you comment under is unlikely to yield accurate results. But in an authoritarian country like Russia, omnipotent technology doesn’t need to work perfectly — just well enough to remind Russians that they’re still being watched.

This piece was originally published on Future, a partnership between Slate magazine, Arizona State University and New America.

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At a CAGR of 4.5%, the used oil recycling market will reach USD 69.56 https://techcomforces.com/at-a-cagr-of-4-5-the-used-oil-recycling-market-will-reach-usd-69-56/ Thu, 15 Sep 2022 06:18:29 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/at-a-cagr-of-4-5-the-used-oil-recycling-market-will-reach-usd-69-56/

Dallas, Texas, Sept. 15, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The world Waste Oil Recycling Market is expected to reach nearly 69.56 billion by 2030 with an annualized growth rate of 4.5% over the forecast period 2022-2030.

Used oil falls into the category of hazardous waste, which requires special management strategies due to its pollutant content and high degree of impurities. More importantly, by-products have significant economic value. Therefore, many recycling technologies have been introduced to manage this type of waste. Different types of used oil recycling techniques are used around the world. Given the increase in demand for products and services causes an increase in environmental pollution. In addition, the increase in population and number of vehicles has increased the amount of waste oil. This has increased the need for quick and effective solutions to environmental problems. This has improved the reliance on constant monitoring and special management strategies for used oil recycling, which has boosted the global used oil recycling market.

The need for proper waste oil management has led to the development of the global waste oil recycling market. Additionally, trends such as different initiatives taken for sustainability, emerging environment-friendly technologies are driving the oil recycling market.

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Scope of the Global Waste Oil Recycling Market

Metric Details
Study period 2019-2030
Market size in 2030 $69.56 billion
Segment covered By Type, by Application, BY Region,
By type covered Fuel Oil, Lubricating Oil, Hydraulic Oil, Transformer Oil, Cooking Oil, Others
per application covered Automotive, Industry, Restoration, Others
Regions covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa and South America
Profiled Key Players NexLube, DIRK Phoenix Pvt Ltd, Oil Re-Refining Company, Inc., Sequoia Global Inc., IFP Petro Products (P) Ltd., Safety-Kleen, Auto Blue Oils, TL, Pesco Beam Environmental Solutions Pvt Ltd., World Oil Corp, Alrfeq and among others

Rising demand for crude oil, growing demand for recycled petroleum products, growing industrialization, urbanization and growing demand for energy are driving the global used oil recycling market.

Recycled used oil is insoluble, persistent and contains mostly toxic elements which, when mixed with air, cause environmental pollution. In addition, recycled used oil degrades slowly, sticks to everything and acts as a major source of waterway contamination. It can lead to significant pollution of drinking water sources. Thus, waste oil recycling becomes difficult, which hampers the global waste oil recycling market.

The global used oil recycling market is categorized into acid/clay treatment, vacuum distillation and dehydration process, vacuum distillation and clay treatment process, solvent extraction technology, membrane technology, pyrolysis using microwave heating and bentonite treatment based on waste type. oil recycling methods. Among these, the acid treatment methodology is the most popular method. This process is said to be more efficient, increases the amount of oil recycled and optimizes the rate of production and consumption waste.

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Overall, the status of waste oil recycling and treatment in European and American countries is very advanced. Thus, Europe, North America and South America account for the largest market share in the global used oil recycling market. Key factors such as improved energy strategies, the presence of professional recycling companies, the presence of the largest oil recycling plants in the world and special regulations for the collection, disposal and recycling of waste oils have led to the domination of European and American countries in the world in terms of waste. oil recycling.

However, the waste oil recycling market is facing a serious crisis situation. The main forces are higher price volatility, increase in production costs, increase in labor wages, cost of inputs have impacted the market already reeling from the above mentioned aspects . In addition, the covid-19 pandemic caused sudden disruption in production, global logistics, increased transportation costs, shortage of containers and processing delays hampered the market.

On the other hand, the easing of lockdown restrictions driven by covid-19, reducing the impact of the virus leading to subsequent economic recovery, restarting processing operations at automobile and other factories, waste oil recycling regaining confidence increasing market reach. This creates a positive market environment and a trend towards waste oil recycling which is expected to be a growth opportunity for the global waste oil recycling market.

At the same time, reduced pandemic-related lockdown measures in major exporting countries, higher consumer confidence due to recovering economic situation and vaccine programmers offer better prospects for the global market. recycling of used oils.

Main points of the table of contents:

1. Introduction
2. Research methodology
3. Market Outlook
4. Waste Oil Recycling Market by Type, 2022-2029 (USD Billion)
5. Waste Oil Recycling Market by Application, 2022-2029 (USD Billion)
6. Waste Oil Recycling Market by Region, 2022-2029 (USD Billion)
7. Competitive landscape
8. Company Profile
9. Appendix

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]]> CHIPS Act Opens Broad Opportunities for Higher Education (Opinion) https://techcomforces.com/chips-act-opens-broad-opportunities-for-higher-education-opinion/ Tue, 13 Sep 2022 07:10:23 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/chips-act-opens-broad-opportunities-for-higher-education-opinion/

Amid the recent activity frenzy of the 117th Congress, the press and general public have shifted from the CHIPS and Science Act of 2022 to the climate and health provisions of the Inflation Reduction Act. The higher education community will benefit from a thorough reflection on the old legislative text. Based on our review of CHIPS and the Science Act – and our recent conversations with college and university leaders – we believe that many players in our industry may not yet grasp the magnitude extraordinary about the potential impact of this law.

In short, the CHIPS and Science Act, which was signed into law by President Biden on August 9, opens up transformative and unique opportunities for a wide range of institutions. While the scale of new funding opportunities for universities is seismic—we’ll talk about that in a moment—the law’s impact will go far beyond the Association of American Universities and other R-1 institutions ( very high research activity). Beyond the research mission, the act also authorizes funding for STEM-related higher education and workforce development at levels not seen since the beginnings of the space race in the United States. 1950s and 1960s. This funding should benefit smaller regional institutions, those most likely to struggle against complex headwinds since the start of the pandemic. Additionally, many provisions of the law are designed to ensure that a portion of funding is directed to historically black colleges and universities, minority-serving institutions, community colleges, and institutions in states that have historically not did not benefit from this type of federal support.

The opportunities created by the law will not be distributed evenly among the thousands of colleges and universities in the United States. These will be competitive processes. The institutions that start now Proactively mobilizing resources and positioning to receive funding will have a significant upside, as RFPs associated with these opportunities will be released in the months and years to come.

The first step is to review the provisions of the law. The law itself suggests some concrete actions that institutions can begin to take, though the details of some programs have yet to be determined, including the exact amounts of funds actually allocated to federal agencies.

Broaden the beneficiaries of funded research

The CHIPS Act acronym masks the reality that the law will support academic research and development far beyond the semiconductor industry. For the National Science Foundation, the law authorizes a total of $81 billion over five years (pending final appropriations), which would more than double the NSF’s current annual appropriation from about $9 billion for fiscal year 2022 to $18.9 billion in fiscal year 2027. .

Over the next five years, more than $16 billion will be allocated to a new Technology, Innovation and Partnerships Directorate, which will support research and technology commercialization in areas such as artificial intelligence , quantum computing, energy and materials science. Expanded funding is also allowed for basic research in areas such as the food-energy-water system, sustainable chemistry, critical minerals, information technology and behavioral health, and precision agriculture.

There is also funding for the social sciences. The newly created directorate is tasked, in part, with growing “the national workforce…in areas of societal, national, and geostrategic importance,” including in “the social, behavioral, and economic drivers and consequences of Technological innovations“.

The law ensures that this injection of research support will not exclusively benefit existing research-intensive institutions. The act creates a five-year pilot program for multi-institutional partnerships involving emerging research institutions (ERIs), defined as colleges or universities with less than $50 million in federal research expenditures, and calls for at least 35 percent of scholarships in this pilot project to travel to one or more ERIs.

In addition, the act authorizes funding to build the capacity of historically black colleges and universities, tribal colleges, and minority-serving institutions to successfully compete for and administer NSF grants of $200 million. dollars in fiscal year 2023 and $250 million in subsequent years. through fiscal year 2027. In addition, the act contains $150 million annually to study and implement approaches to attract and retain students from diverse backgrounds and institutions in STEM research fields. In other words, the law is designed not only to support short-term “gains” for US R&D productivity, but to diversify the institutions and the researchers themselves who conduct this work.

Cultivate a diverse STEM workforce

Beyond the implications for research, the law contains significant funding to support undergraduate and graduate education. Much of this comes in the form of new scholarship support, from the NSF and other federal agencies (e.g. Department of Energy), for a wide range of fields and professions. There are new scholarship and scholarship programs to support students studying, for example, cybersecurity and other STEM fields.

As with the research permissions discussed above, funding is targeted to historically underrepresented groups, including $100 million in NSF undergraduate scholarships for low-income students, with stipends for those studying in HBCUs, MSIs, community colleges and other categories.

Apart from scholarship and scholarship mechanisms, the law authorizes new scholarships to institutions to support the attraction and retention of students in STEM fields and to support institutions that provide STEM education to a high proportion of students. low-income students. The entire educational support in the act includes hundreds of millions of dollars in opportunities for institutions to diversify their streams of financial support away from reliance on tuition fees, while strengthening their educational missions.

Expand geographic participation

The act recognizes the role that colleges and universities play within their regional communities and contains mechanisms to support partnerships and impact beyond campuses. Through the Department of Commerce, the act provides $10 billion to establish 20 geographically distributed regional technology hubs – partnerships between for-profit companies, universities, local and federal government entities and community organizations to support “ the development and implementation of regional innovation strategies. “These projects have the potential to be a game-changer for selected institutions, enabling new collaborations and capital expenditures that could, for a few years, advance regional economic development that might otherwise take decades to materialize.

The law designates funding thresholds for state institutions EPSCoR (established program to stimulate competitive research), defined as those that have not historically benefited significantly from federal research funding. This requirement – ​​whose push was led by Senator Roger Wicker of Mississippi – ensures that a minimum proportion of NSF funding will go to EPSCoR states, many of which have predominantly rural populations, at a rate of 15.5% in fiscal year 2023, increase to 20% in fiscal year 2029.

Preparing to seize these opportunities

The new funding available through the CHIPS and Science Act will provide welcome support to many colleges and universities at a difficult and fluid time for higher education. While the funding levels can be extraordinary, the opportunities are also limited and will likely attract competition. Ambitious institutions have already begun to position themselves to seize these upcoming opportunities, and there is no reason to delay.

Institutions should begin with a thorough review of their strategic alignment with the various programs of the law. This review would contain a few essential elements: first, a review of the law itself, deepening the provisions, with particular attention to those that favor institutional profiles that align with its own. This analysis should be complemented by a reassessment of the institutional strategy that assesses the alignment of any existing strategic plan with the opportunities presented in the law. Next, the exercise should identify ways to reframe or reframe priorities to optimize this alignment. As institutions begin to develop proposals to receive funding from the Act, the ability to highlight how these opportunities will lead to broad institutional goals will be compelling to reviewers and decision makers.

Going further, institutions should consider creating a task force or project management office to focus on tracking relevant updates in federal agencies resulting from the act and building external relationships to improve the prepared to seize opportunities. An institution’s working group should include staff with expertise in government relations, focused on communicating with their congressional representation offices. The congressional delegation will share a desire to raise awareness of the law’s impact at home and may facilitate further communications with key relevant federal agencies.

For institutions interested in pursuing funds associated with regional technology hubs, the working group should also include staff in charge of corporate relations. The focus should be on strengthening existing relationships with the most important and relevant science and technology companies in your region and reaching out to those with whom relationships are not yet established. Much of the private sector’s access to law funding will come from partnerships with higher education. Many companies will likely appreciate the outreach, and some may even be willing to provide staff and other resources to help institutions prepare to pursue funding.

There’s something in the law for nearly every college and university in the country, and many of the institutions that will benefit the most may have little experience pursuing opportunities of this magnitude. Time may be running out, as the law allows funding but requires appropriations, which may reflect shifting political winds. Higher education officials should be quick to inspect the language of the law for the most relevant opportunities. Institutions should candidly assess their ability to pursue these funding opportunities and take steps to seize them quickly.

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2nd front against China – US says India presents a ‘two-front’ problem for Beijing; Can PLA withstand double pressure? https://techcomforces.com/2nd-front-against-china-us-says-india-presents-a-two-front-problem-for-beijing-can-pla-withstand-double-pressure/ Sun, 11 Sep 2022 05:45:53 +0000 https://techcomforces.com/2nd-front-against-china-us-says-india-presents-a-two-front-problem-for-beijing-can-pla-withstand-double-pressure/

This Friday, September 9, saw both positive and negative developments in Indo-Chinese relations. Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army (PLA) troops have disengaged in the Gogra-Hot Springs (Patrol Point 15) section of eastern Ladakh, and Japan and India have pledged to strengthen their defensive ties.

It comes after US military officials suggested India could be used as a “second front” against China in the event of a clash between the two superpowers in the Western Pacific.

Friday’s news came ahead of a Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Uzbekistan next week, which will be attended by both Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

It is safe to assume that China wanted to inspire confidence in Indian leaders in the face of US pressure to bolster an anti-Chinese and Russian grouping.

However, on the same day, Indian External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Indian Defense Minister Rajnath Singh met with their Japanese counterparts in Tokyo in a “2+2 dialogue” format.

The two parties announced a series of enhanced collaborations in defence, security and defense industry. These include a long-awaited “joint fighter exercise” for “greater collaboration and interoperability”; talks between the Joint Chiefs of Staff of Japan and the Integrated Defense Staff (IDS) of India and; inviting Japanese companies to invest in India’s defense manufacturing corridors.

But other possible areas of cooperation also included economic security, technology partnerships and workforce development, sending the message that India’s only goal was not to be dragged into a camp. anti-Chinese.

Moreover, there was no direct reference to China by Jaishankar, except for the usual “shared values ​​of democracy, freedom and respect for the rule of law” that define the Indo-Japanese partnership.

File Image: Vostok Exercises 2022 India China Russia

India as a “second front” against China

On August 25, Admiral Mike Gilday, Chief of Naval Operations of the United States (CNO), told a conference held by the Heritage Foundation in Washington that India presents a “two-pronged problem” to the China.

“They are now forcing China not only to look east, to the South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait, but now they have to look over their shoulder to India,” Gilday said.

He added that a potential fight with China would be cross-regional, where the “belt and road initiative of the global Indian Ocean economic connective tissue (and their)” could be examined.

This was after Indian strategic commentator Brahma Chellaney wrote an article titled ‘India has a stake in defending Taiwan’ suggesting how Indian activities in the Himalayas could ‘tie down an entire Chinese theater force which might otherwise be used against the island”.

This was after Elbridge Colby, a former Pentagon official in the Donald Trump administration, suggested in June that the United States and Japan employ India to draw China’s attention to a “major problem from the second front”.

Can China fight a war on two fronts?

In simple terms, yes. China created theater commands after 2015, with a dedicated Western Theater Command (STC) facing its entire southwestern and southeastern Himalayan border with India. This means it has dedicated air and ground forces to undertake operations in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh simultaneously.

Modi Xi
File Image: Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping during the latter’s visit to India in October 2019. (via Twitter)

Even if a localized skirmish breaks out in Ladakh and India opens a new front in Arunachal Pradesh to put pressure on China, it will still be fought by different field armies and air forces – the Indian Army Eastern Command and the Indian Army Eastern Command. The IAF is reviewing Arunachal Pradesh, Indian Army Northern Command and Indian Air Force Central Command concerned with Ladakh and Indian Army Central Command which manages the Chinese border in the Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Thus, China can concentrate synergized efforts on a single front with few coordination problems between the PLA and the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). Heavy losses of air and ground assets will lead India to transfer men and machines from other commands like the Southern and South Western Army Command.

Second, China initiated the standoff with India at the height of the pandemic in 2020 when it was already mobilized in the Western Pacific. It therefore served as a statement to the United States that Beijing can mobilize simultaneously on two fronts during an unprecedented pandemic and has the economic capacity to afford it.

In early August, the first-ever live-fire exercises in the Taiwan Strait involved only Eastern Command assets, with only one aircraft carrier and one submarine from its Northern and Southern Theater Commands.

F-16 Viper Taiwan
File Image: F-16 Viper Taiwan

Thus, for the Western Pacific, China alone has three commands (north, east and south), with the central command possibly transferring resources in the event of a massive conflagration.

This, too, is unlikely, as it will require all three hotspots – the Korean Peninsula, the Taiwan Strait and the South China Sea – to erupt simultaneously.

In the case of three hotspots, North Korea will be a direct party fighting the United States, South Korea and possibly Japan. Russia, too, is likely to be involved – albeit independently and not as part of a military alliance with China. Either way, it puts pressure on Japan and the United States in far northeast Asia, where China wouldn’t have to do all the fighting.

Former Indo-Pacific Command (INDOPACOM) Chief Admiral Philip Davidson and current U.S. Marine Corps Deputy General Eric Smith have admitted the grave disadvantage of the United States to China in the Western Pacific.

China enjoys a huge “home advantage” and can sustain a war for a long time, unlike the United States, which faces an “outside disadvantage”.

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