With the continuous arrival of advanced technologies, a marked improvement in law enforcement can be observed everywhere, which invariably results in the reduction of crimes of various natures and at all levels. Armed with newer technologies, security agencies involved in stopping crimes are now better positioned to serve communities and keep them safe and secure. Technological innovations such as GPS tracking and tagging, CCTV and others are now the main driving forces leading to the continuous improvement of crime control and crime prevention strategies. At the same time, technology-driven solutions prove to be a boon for ordinary people, being practical and providing solutions to their common problems.
Improve font performance
New technological innovations are well equipped to prevent crimes of various kinds by improving police performance. It is also a fact that innovations can be well intentioned, but sometimes they have both intended and unintended consequences. This is the reason why technology sometimes also helps individuals to perform the act of committing crimes from anywhere and possibly with anonymity.
Data mapping helps law enforcement immensely. Meteorologists and climatologists have long used it for their defined purposes. For some time now, criminal justice professionals have also been using data mapping to provide law enforcement and investigative agencies with a clear geographic overview of the types and volume of crimes occurring in an area. The continued expansion of the Internet of Things (IoT) enables efficient collection of big data to improve predictive and reactive approaches for evidence-based policing.
Smartphone tracking also plays a very important role in combating criminal activities. This gives agencies the ability to track a criminal through the use of their smart phone, providing law enforcement with a clear picture of a suspect’s movements before, during and after a crime. Technology can also save innocent people.
A criminal’s social media activities provide a fair amount of information to law enforcement. This is the reason why many such agencies and police departments have their dedicated social media teams and social media accounts. Social media accounts also allow these security agencies to engage with their communities and act on the advice provided in real time. It also helps gauge how a community interacts with security agencies, including the police. Additionally, direct engagement with police and other agencies builds trust, empowers victims and witnesses to provide relevant information relating to crimes of a different nature.
Biometrics can also identify criminals with a history or outstanding warrants. Biometrics can be used at a crime scene to collect digital fingerprints and then used on witnesses to see if a perpetrator is still at the scene of a crime but has yet to be recovered.
Smart Policing presented by the Modi government at the Center
In India, the smart policing scheme was introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014. Ranking of police stations is done annually by the Ministry of Home Affairs and ratings are done based on various parameters such as crime rate, infrastructure and public service delivery. services, among others. Sophisticated drones, artificial intelligence, global positioning systems and CCTV are also used to fight crime. Mapping technologies use real-time information to assess where crimes are occurring. This way, the police can identify hotspots and patterns of activity.
Measures taken to deal with cybercrime
The central government has taken measures to raise public awareness of cybercrimes, issue alerts/notices, build capacity/training of law enforcement personnel/prosecutors/judicial officers, improve cybercrime facilities, etc. to prevent these crimes and expedite investigations. The government has launched the online Cybercrime Reporting Portal, www.cybercrime.gov.in, to allow complainants to report complaints regarding child pornography/child sexual abuse material, rape images/ gang rape or sexually explicit content. The central government has put in place a program to establish India’s Cybercrime Coordination Center (I4C) to address cybercrime issues in the country in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
Important measures taken by the government
Establishment of the National Center for Critical Information Infrastructure Protection (NCIIPC) for the protection of Critical Information Infrastructure in the country. All organizations providing digital services have been mandated to promptly report cybersecurity incidents to CERT-In. Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Center) was launched to provide malware detection and free tools to remove such programs. Issuance of alerts and advisories regarding cyber threats and countermeasures by CERT-In. Publication of guidelines for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) regarding their key roles and responsibilities in securing applications/infrastructure and compliance. Plan to audit government websites and applications before they are hosted, and then at regular intervals. Creation of security audit organizations to support and audit the implementation of information security best practices. Formulation of a crisis management plan to counter cyberattacks and cyberterrorism. Regularly conduct cybersecurity simulations and exercises to enable assessment of the cybersecurity posture and readiness of government organizations and critical sectors.
National Cybercrime Reporting Portal
“Police” and “public order” are subjects of state according to the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India. States/UTs are primarily responsible for the prevention, detection, investigation, and prosecution of crimes through their Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs). The Home Office launched the National Cybercrime Reporting Portal on August 30, 2019 to provide citizens with a centralized mechanism for online reporting of all types of cybercrime incidents, with a particular focus on cybercrimes against women and children. Incidents reported on this portal, their conversion to FIRs, and resulting actions are handled by the applicable State/UT law enforcement agency in accordance with the provisions of law. According to the data kept, since its inception, 317439 cybercrime incidents and 5771 FIRs have been recorded till 28.02.2021 in the country, which includes, among others, 21562 cybercrime incidents and 87 FIRs recorded in Karnataka, and 50806 incidents of cybercrime and 534 FIRs registered in Maharashtra.
The MHA maintains regular interactions with the State/UTs and advises them to expedite the handling of reported cybercrime incidents, with particular emphasis on handling incidents involving women and children.