“And almost without exception, these influencers feel they have been wronged by mainstream society in some way,” Brooking added.
Dr. Malone earned a medical degree from Northwestern University in 1991 and for the next decade taught pathology at the University of California, Davis and the University of Maryland. He then turned to biotech start-ups and consulting. His resume says he “helped” secure early-stage approval for Ebola vaccine research from pharmaceutical company Merck in the mid-2010s. He also worked on drug reuse to treat Zika.
In extended interviews at his home over two days, Dr Malone said he had repeatedly gone unrecognized for his contributions during his career, his voice low and deep as he recounted the slights collected by the institutions for which he had worked. His wife, Dr Jill Glasspool Malone, paced the room and pulled out articles on her laptop which she said supported his complaints.
The example he cites most frequently is his time at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego. There he played experiences which showed how human cells could take up a cocktail of mRNA and produce proteins from it. These experiences, he says, made him the inventor of mRNA vaccine technology.
“I was there,” Dr. Malone said. “I wrote the whole invention.”
What the mainstream media did instead, he said, was give credit for mRNA vaccines to scientists Katalin Kariko and Drew Weissman, because there is “a concerted campaign to get them the Nobel Prize” by Pfizer and BioNTech, where Dr. Kariko is a senior vice president, as well as the University of Pennsylvania, where Dr. Weissman directs a laboratory for research into vaccines and infectious diseases.
But at the time he was conducting these experiments, it was unclear how to protect fragile RNA from attacks by the immune system, the scientists say. Former colleagues said they watched in amazement as Dr Malone began posting on social media why he deserved to win the Nobel Prize.
The idea that he invented mRNA vaccines is “a totally false claim,” said Dr. Gyula Acsadi, a Connecticut pediatrician who, along with Dr. Malone and five others, wrote a widely cited article in 1990 showing that injecting RNA into muscle could produce proteins. (The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines work by injecting RNA into arm muscles that produce copies of the “spike protein” found outside the coronavirus. The human immune system identifies this protein, attacks it, and then remembers how to defeat her.)